Review And Guide To Bullet Sizes And Types For Beginners

Review & Guide To Bullet Sizes And Types For Beginners

bullets on a table with different bullet sizes

There was a time when there were only a couple of types of bullets and they were used all around. However, over time, the ammunition industry evolved to manufacture a plethora of types and sizes of bullets.

Before we get into the details of the sizes and the types, it is important to know the basic terminology associated with ammunition. The entire unit that we generally understand as the bullet is called a cartridge which further constitutes of a bullet. A bullet is the metal projectile inside the cartridge along with the gunpowder, the casing generally made from steel or brass and the primer which is an ignition for the propellant.

The caliber is the diameter of the barrel, which is actually the diameter of the bullet or the bullet size in layman terms. Hence, when you go shopping for bullets and asking about bullet sizes, you are essentially looking for caliber size of the cartridge.

Things To Consider Before Deciding On The Bullet Size

Before you make your decision about the caliber size you want to buy, there are certain aspects you should know about.

  • The weight of the bullet is measured in ‘grains’. One pound is equivalent to 7,000 grains.
  • The exact speed of the bullet in feet/sec.
  • The stopping power of the bullet, i.e, the number of bullets it would take to hit the target and drop it.

Types Of Bullets

Bullets with gun

While there are a number of typical and complex bullet types available in the market, we’ll go over the ones that are the most commonly used in hunting, self-defense and shooting ranges.

Hollow Point Bullets

Considered among the more dangerous ones, hollow point bullets are structured to expand on collision with the target. They are mostly used for home defense and by armed forces, mainly police force, due to their intense stopping power. Individuals carrying concealed guns also prefer hollow point bullets.

While considered dangerous, they are the best in case of an attack since their high stopping power ensures maximum damage with every subsequent bullet and restricts the attacker.

Full Metal Jacket

Full metal jacket, or FMJ as they are called, are the most common type of bullets, mainly used in shooting ranges with short distances.

The bullet is made of a soft metal like lead in the center and which is covered by hard metal like copper. The presence of an outer metal covering ensures that the lead is not left in the barrel on firing the bullet. These bullets come in all kinds of shapes - be it pointy, round, or flat.

FMJ bullets are not very suitable for self-defense or attacks due to low stopping power. They cut channels, small in size, through which they go through the target. FMJs are designed in a way that the bottom of the cup they are made from become the tip of the bullet.

Open Tip Matches

OTMs have a very small opening on the top which makes them quite similar to hollow point bullets, however, they can’t expand due to the opening. They are made in a way that the bottom of the copper cup they are made becomes the bottom of the bullet.

This type of bullets is preferred mainly by long-distance shooting ranges and target shooters since they are manufactured in a way that the bullets are standardized when it comes to their roundness. The consistency enables their suitability for shooting long-range targets.

Ballistic Tip

Ballistic tip is the combination of full metal jacket and hollow point bullet types. It takes the stopping power of the hollow point and the physical structure of FMJ to create a bullet that is long with a boat-tail base and has a plastic covering.

Ballistic tip bullets are pointy with consistent and sleek bottoms. The tip is made of plastic which enables it to keep the shape intact. These types of bullets are mainly used in hunting due to the high stopping power. The weight is mostly collected in the back of the bullet to give it more speed.

Soft Point

Designed to expand on hitting the target, soft point bullets are made of a soft metal, like lead, at their core and have a covering of a strong, hard metal. The front tip is left open with some of the lead exposed so that the soft metal can easily expand on hitting the target.

Therefore, soft point bullets are quite similar to the full metal jacket bullets. They can cause some serious wounds since they do more damage due to expansion than their original caliber size. They are available in both boat-tails and normal cylindrical ends.

Bird Shot

As the name suggests, these are small cartridges used for hunting birds, primarily. These are available as shotgun rounds and come in multiple quantities, more than a dozen, in one shell.

Bird shots are used only as shotgun rounds and for shooting birds and pigeons, but never for attack or self-defense.

Apart from the above, there is buck shot that is the best bullet type for home security. Then there are slugs that can cause serious damage if used by an expert and can shoot a target within a 100 yards.

Bullet Sizes

It’s quite natural for a novice to get confused when it comes to buying ammunition. There are so many sizes of bullets, technically called caliber sizes, available in the market today that it can be tough to select the one that fits best with your requirement.

The most common use for bullets for people generally is hunting, self-defense or targeting shooting at the range. Therefore, we’ll cover the bullet sizes that mostly cater to these objectives.

Bullet Sizes

.22LR

The .22LR is the most commonly sold bullet due to a variety of factors. The .22 long rifle, as its called, is the starter caliber for shooters, used to hunt snakes, birds, etc. Here are some specific features of the bullet:

  • The bullet weighs about 30-40 grains.
  • Negligible recoil, therefore, makes a great caliber for people who are just beginning to shoot.
  • It’s a rimfire, i.e, the primer is located in the rim rather than the center.
  • Priced at 7 cents a round, making it extremely cheap.
  • High speed and intense shooting power with small size.
  • Apt for shooting ranges and hunting or training.
  • Bullet velocity of approximately 1200-1600 feet/sec
  • The .22LR is the best option for beginners due to its cheap price and minimum hassles of handling. While it is meant for shooting birds and snakes and targets, it can cause serious wounds if shot at a human as well since the caliber keeps moving inside the body and damages the internal organs.

    .25ACP

    .25 ACP, the Automatic Colt Pistol, is an upgraded version of .22LR, being a little larger and slightly higher stopping power. It’s a centerfire caliber, which means that the primer is placed in the center.


    It is considered more reliable due to the centerfire covering. Let’s see some of the features of .25ACP:

  • Slightly larger than .22LR, but still compact.
  • Has a higher stopping power.
  • Centerfire caliber, i.e, primer is located in the center, and straight-walled.
  • Used for short ranges and the caliber has low velocity.
  • Reliable due to the centerfire casings.
  • More expensive, priced at 20 cents a bullet.
  • The .25ACP is meant to be in handguns used for home security since they can cause more damage due to higher stopping power and the reliable centerfire design.

    9mm Luger

    The 9mm Luger or the 9x19mm Parabellum, as it’s technically named, is basically an all-rounder bullet that can be used in self-defense as well as for recreational shooting. The shooting power depends on the type of gun used with the caliber. However, they do have a very low recoil which makes them more popular.


    Here’s what you get when you purchase the 9mm Luger:

  • Bullet weight between 115 and 147 grains.
  • Big bullet size, similar to .380ACP.
  • The standard caliber used in NATO nations and by most of the police officers universally.
  • Can be used with multiple guns, and the guns can have 15-17 rounds of these on an average.
  • Priced at 25 cents.
  • The 9mm Luger can also be used in concealed guns. The size is ideal to be used in a lot of types of guns.

    .56×45 mm

    Also called as the .223, the .56x45mm is used both by the armed forces as well as the civilians. The caliber is good to use for long-range, therefore, it’s popular as a home defense round among civilians.


    Here’s what you need to know about the .56x45mm:

  • Has a slight recoil, therefore, should be handled by professionals.
  • Bullets weigh around 55 grains.
  • Used in some specific rifles, like M16/M4.
  • The cartridge has a long-range accuracy but shoots mildly.
  • Used both in the military as well as common use, but it isn’t used in hunting.
  • Priced at 30 cents, the .223 caliber is not very popular since you can’t use it for hunting, but nevertheless, packs power and is widely used in self-defense.

    .40 S&W

    Manufactured for the FBI initially as a 10mm caliber, the .40 S&W has been heavily popular with such defense and law enforcement agencies. It has more stopping power than other handgun cartridges used and also costs less.


    Here’s what you should know about .40 S&W before choosing to buy it:

  • Bullet weight between 165 to 180 grains, therefore, more lightweight and preferred for quick handling.
  • Packs more stopping power than the 9mm.
  • Costs less with bullets priced at 30 cents.
  • Also used for self-defense.
  • Strong recoil, therefore, not easy to handle.
  • While the FBI has shifted back to use the 9mm cartridge mostly, the .40 S&W is more suitable and is still used by many law enforcement agencies due to more power and energy.


    Apart from the ones listed above, there are many other bullet sizes you’ll find when you go for ammunition shopping, with the more popular ones being the .380ACP, .45ACP, the 12 gauge for shotguns, and many more. There are some less popular ones as well, like the .357 Magnum used in revolvers and more expensive than the rest, priced at 80 cents.

    The Conclusion

    More options mean more confusion, therefore, it can be overwhelming to buy the right caliber considering there are myriad sizes available in the market. Wrong bullet size and type with respect to the gun you possess can severely backfire, literally.

    There are a lot of factors that need to be considered before purchasing the bullet, along with understanding a lot of technical terms. The bullet sizes and types covered above are the most common ones and should give you a fair idea about the popular ammunition.

    Best AR-10 Rifles Reviewed

    Best AR-10 Rifles Reviewed

    Irrespective of whether you’re planning to buy an AR-10 rifle for your hunting trips or for your security requirements, the AR-10 is an excellent precision rifle that is worth the investment.

    Product

    Image

    Price

    Windham Weaponry R16FTT-308

    windham 308 ar-10

    DPMS Oracle 308

    DPMS Oracle 308 ar-10

    R.E.P.R. MkII from LWRC International 

    Lwrc Repr Mkii ar-10

    Daniel Defense DD5V1 

    Daniel Defense ar-10

    Review of the Best AR-10 Rifles

    So, the question is, which AR-10 rifle is the best?

    There are several arms manufacturers in the market that produce the AR-10 rifle and it can be quite difficult to decide on the one that is most suitable for your requirements. So, in our article, we have discussed some of the features of the top AR-10 rifle models available in the market that will enable you to make your choice easily.

    Windham Weaponry R16FTT-308

    windham 308 ar-10

    Founded by Richard Dyke, the former owner of Bushmaster firearms, Windham Weaponry produces high-quality rifles that are also very affordable. The weapons produced by Windham Weaponry are not just imitations of other AR-10 rifle designs but have been innovated on the original design.

    The main difference between the AR-10 made by Windham Weaponry is that it has a polymer lower, which makes the AR-10 lightweight. In fact, the weight of the Windham Weaponry R16FTT-308 is just around 7.5 lbs. The polymer lower also helps to cut down the cost of the rifle, which makes it a good budget buy.

    Additionally, the R16FTT-308 has a 16-inch barrel equipped with a birdcage flash suppressor. The rifle offers superior handling thanks to the adjustable 6-position, M4 style buttstock, improved grip and oval handguards that are synonymous with AR model firearms.

    Furthermore, the R16FTT-308 is not equipped with sights of its own, but the gas block features rails which allow you to add a front iron sight. Alternately, you can also attach a red dot sight or scope to the upper receiver of the rails. The R16FTT-308 is also equipped with a 20-round polymer magazine.

    Pros and Cons of the Windham Weaponry R16FTT-308

    Pros

    Cons

  • The R16FTT-308 is the lightest rifle on the list.
  • The rifle includes a 20-round magazine.
  • Polymer lower may not be liked by everyone.
  • M4-style stock and oval handguards give a classic look to the rifle but in terms of the handling, they are not very ergonomic.
  • Rifle does not come along with iron sights.
  • DPMS Oracle 308

    DPMS Oracle 308 ar-10

    If you are on the lookout for an inexpensive budget AR rifle, which is high in build quality at the same time, then the DPMS Oracle 308 is an excellent option. The DPMS Oracle 308 is manufactured by DPMS Panther Arms, which is renowned for producing good-quality budget rifles. 

    Additionally, the Oracle line from DMPS Panther Arms is their most budget friendly line of rifles and while they don’t usually introduce too many fancy upgrades, the guns are pretty affordable too and DMPS are the market leaders for AR-10 rifles. 

    Furthermore, the DPMS Oracle 308 is a simple AR-10 rifle that uses P-Mags. The Oracle 308 features an HBAR pattern 16-inch barrel made of chrome moly. The gas block and flat-top upper receiver of the rifle are railed and are ready for backup sights and optics. The trigger, standard stock, grip and handguard are basic yet functional. 

    Moreover, the end of the handguard has an A2 birdcage flash suppressor. The rifle has an A2 style grip, however, the buttstock is DMPS’s design that is similar to other types of adjustable buttstocks. The lower receiver of the Oracle 308 rifle is made from T6 billet aluminum and it has a normal AR-15 style of firing controls.

    Also, the rifle does not come with iron sights but comes with a metal magazine which holds 10 rounds of ammunition. 

    Pros and Cons of the DPMS Oracle 308 

    Pros

    Cons

    •Since the DPMS Oracle 308 is the most common AR-10 rifle pattern, it has the largest customization options. 

    •Lightweight rifle. 

    •Most inexpensive rifle on the list

    •The rifle does not come along with iron sights.

    •Magazine included along with the rifle holds only 10 rounds

    R.E.P.R. MkII from LWRC International 

    Lwrc Repr Mkii ar-10

    LWRC International manufactures high-performance rifles and offers complete firearms, as well as, parts that enable you to build your own firearm or upgrade your existing one. The Rapid Engagement Precision Rifle (or popularly known as R.E.P.R) is an AR-10 rifle which is designed in a way that makes the precision rifle idea more adaptable and flexible.

    The idea of a precision rifle is that it enables you to engage targets from very far — maybe hundreds of yards or more. 

    Furthermore, the R.E.P.R. MkII rifle is suitable for extreme range shots but can also be used for close range targets, which makes it ideal for hunting and for use in competitions. The R.E.P.R. MkII uses a short-stroke self-regulating gas piston system to drive the action, which has been fine-tuned to maintain precision. 

    Also, the R.E.P.R. MkII offers sub-MOA accuracy, which essentially means that you can achieve groups of less than 1-inch at 100 yards when using good quality ammunition. The adjustable gas block of the rifle enables you to tune the AR-10 to your specific load. The rifle is equipped with a 20-inch long barrel which has a spiral flute for cooling and rigidity. 

    Moreover, the handguard of the R.E.P.R. MkII has a full-length rail and is ventilated and the rest of the furniture is made of high-quality Magpul polymer. The rifle has a Geissele SSA 2-stage trigger and a 20-round polymer magazine and iron sights. 

    Pros and Cons of the R.E.P.R. MkII 

    Pros

    Cons

    •Offers high accuracy.
    •Includes high-quality iron sights.

    •Quite a heavy rifle. 

    Daniel Defense DD5V1 

    Daniel Defense ar-10

    Daniel Defense is quite popular for producing high-quality firearms that are very well engineered. The DD5V1 rifle has a cold forged 16-inch barrel. The rifle makes use of direct impingement in order to load the next round in the chamber. However, many of the features of the DD5V1 makes it an extremely fine rifle. 

    The DD5V1 has a lower made of high-quality polymer, which makes the rifle very lightweight. The forearm of the rifle is not attached to the barrel nut but bolts to the upper receiver instead. The length of the upper receiver is 15 inches and it is ventilated, which keeps the barrel of the rifle cool and it also has a top rail along the whole length. 

    The rifle has a barrel extension instead of a barrel nut, which helps to decrease the tension on the barrel and helps to increase precision. The DD5V1 rifle has ambidextrous controls and a modular charging handle. It is equipped with the high-quality Geissele SSA 2-stage trigger. The DD5V1 is equipped with a Daniel Defense Superior Suppression device. The rifle has an upgraded grip and buttstock. Overall, the Daniel Defense DD5V1 rifle is an extremely reliable and accurate AR-10. 

    Pros and Cons of the Daniel Defense DD5V

    Pros

    Cons

    •The rifle has ambidextrous controls and charging handle.

    •Trigger is match quality.

    •Upper receiver of the rifle is completely redesigned for greater accuracy and reliability.

    Rifle comes with upgraded high-quality furniture.

    •Iron sights not included with the rifle.

    •Lower of rifle made of polymer, which may not be to everyone’s liking.

    •Magazine that comes with the rifle holds only 10 rounds.

    What Are AR-10 Rifles? 

    The AR-10 rifle was developed in the late 50s by Eugene Stoner for ArmaLite. The AR-10 was used as a battle rifle, but only a few numbers were produced at the time. Today, the AR-10 is the weapon of choice for security service operations, sniper support and long-range shooting in law enforcement and for hunting sports. 

    The AR-10 rifle is very similar to the extremely popular model, the AR-15. However, the AR-10 is chambered, which makes it compatible for use with 0.308 Winchester or 7.62x51mm NATO rounds and it can shoot a much longer range for more than 600 yards compared to the AR-15. 

    Key Features of the AR-10 Rifle 


    • Extremely lightweight construction
    • Ammunition is magazine-fed
    • Semi-automatic rifle
    • Gas piston operated
    • Hardware is air-cooled
    • Shoulder-fired
    • Firing pin is spring-loaded
    • Chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO and 0.308 Winchester

    The AR-10 rifle has a gas-operated piston that essentially means that the rifle is cycled by a gas piston system which makes use of pressure from gas that expands to fire every shot. The AR-10 does not have the auto sear, found in fully-automatic rifles and so, is considered a semi-automatic rifle. The rifle is chambered and can accommodate 0.308 Winchester or 7.62x51mm NATO cartridges and so, it makes use of a long upper receiver and long magazines. 

    Most of the smaller components of the AR-10 such as the action spring, buffer and receiver extension can be interchanged with the AR-15, which also has similar parts. The AR-10 is a very versatile rifle and can be customized and built by making use of parts from various manufacturers. 

    What to Consider When Buying an AR-10 Rifle 

    What to Consider When Buying an AR-10 Rifle 

    High-Quality Parts 

    Trigger 

    Long-range rifles need triggers that are high in quality and ones that will not fail when fired. Triggers are usually single-stage or 2-stage, although, 2-stage triggers are the one most preferred by professionals, single-stage triggers are sufficient for entry-level rifle models. 2-stage triggers have a slack and a break phase and this makes them different from single-stage triggers. The slack is the beginning of the trigger pull and the break phase is when the shot is fired, where the rifle’s trigger spring breaks

    Barrel 

    The long-range precision of the rifle can be affected by the quality of the barrel. The barrel length, as well as the material, play a very important role in the shot accuracy. While chrome-lined rifle barrels are more long lasting when compared to stainless steel, they are not very precise and are not match grade. Stainless-steel barrels are match grade but are not long lasting and they become less accurate when the stainless steel begins rusting. 

    Barrels made of nitride steel, a combination of the features of stainless-steel and chrome-lined barrels are long lasting and match grade. 

    For long-range shooting, longer barrels offer better accuracy when compared to shorter barrels. A rifle with a barrel length of 20-24 inches is ideal for long-range shooting, 18-20 inches for mid-range and 16 inches for close-range shooting

    Scope 

    For long-distance shooting precision, optics are essential and there are a wide range of scopes available for AR-10 rifles. However, only a few of them work best for .308 rounds. To maximize performance, a high-quality AR-10 rifle needs a high-quality scope. 

    Accessories 

    Most of the parts of the AR-10 rifle are customizable and replaceable and although they can be got from various manufacturers, it is important to understand that there are certain models which may need proprietary parts for them to work properly. 

    Performance Quality 

    Weight 

    The weight of the rifle affects the level of comfort of the shooter. Typically, it is better to opt for lighter rifles compared to heavier ones to prevent muscle strain. Usually, gas rifles are lighter compared to piston rifles; however, the weight of the rifle is mainly determined by the material of the various parts of the rifle. 

    Range 

    The actual shooting range of the rifle may differ from the marketed shooting range. This is mainly due to the fact that the shooting range of the rifle depends on how well the rifle’s parts work together. For instance, a rifle with a shorter barrel has a shorter range of accuracy compared to longer barreled rifles. Also, the performance of the rifle is affected by the quality of the ammunition used. Powder ammunitions leave behind residues that are difficult to clean and make the rifle perform inaccurately and sluggishly. 

    Accuracy 

    The accuracy of the rifle depends on the achievable range of the rifle. If your rifle does not achieve an effective range of 500 yards or more, you may not be able to hit a target that is more than 500 yards away. The optics utilized with the rifle also affects the shooting accuracy. Some models of scopes work better with certain variants or models of rifles while others deliver average aim irrespective of the model you use it with. 

    What’s not to love about the AR-10 rifle? It is among the most versatile rifles out there and a great joy to shoot with. The AR-10 rifles are among the best in the particular niche and are ideal if you are looking for a gun to shoot with if your target is very far away. 

    If you are looking for: AR-15 barrelshow to remove an AR-15 stock, and collapsible stock vs fixed stock, we also have them for you. 

    Sources: 

    Reviewster 

    The Gun Zone 

    Armalite AR-10 

     

    The Benefits Of An AR15 Collapsible Stock Rifle

    The AR15 is one of the most popular rifles in the world today. You may carry an AR15 when you hunt, or you may use one at the shooting range. You have several models to choose from, but you need to choose a rifle that is comfortable when you fire. You also have a couple of different AR-15 buttstocks to choose from. One is the fixed stock rifles are common, but a collapsible stock rifle helps make shooting much simpler. This article explains the benefits of a collapsible stock when you are shooting an AR15 in the field or at the range.

    What Is A Collapsible Stock?

    Collapsible stocks fold up when not in use. The butt of a traditional rifle is part of the body of the rifle, and the stock does not move at all. You cannot fold up a fixed stock, but you can fold a collapsible stock when you are not using the rifle.

    AR15 Collapsible Stock photo

    Collapsible stock makes your rifle easier to use, and the rifle is easier to store when you are traveling. The long bag used to carry a fixed stock rifle is cumbersome, but the small bag used to haul a collapsible stock rifle is much more convenient. The gun does not even look like a firearm when you are carrying it to your car or in the field.

    Why Is Collapsible Stock Helpful?

    A collapsible rifle is extremely light. The new stocks created for the AR15 are made from carbon fiber or other polymers that are very light. You will not feel as though the rifle is too heavy, and the kickback from the rifle will not be nearly as strong when you fire.

    Overmolded AR15 Collapsible Stock Rifle

    Lighter collapsible stocks help you carry the rifle easily, and the collapsible stock helps you balance the rifle during firing. You cannot take aim effectively when the rifle is too heavy, and you cannot fire safely at a shooting range with a heavy rifle.

    Why Is A Collapsible Stock More Convenient?

    A collapsible stock rifle folds up in just a moment, and the stock folds out just as quickly. You may have your rifle folded on the floor of your hunting perch, but you can be ready to fire in just a few seconds. You will save space inside your perch as you wait for game to pass by, and you can stash your rifle easily when the stock is folded.


    You need to save as much space as possible when you travel, and a collapsible stock conserves space in your vehicle. The tightest AR15 design will fit inside your pack when you camp during a long hunt.

    Collapsible Stocks Are Cheaper

    A new collapsible stock is cheaper to produce, and you will save money on the rifle when you make a new purchase. The polymers used to make the collapsible stock cost the manufacturer less money, and the savings are passed on to you. You can create a collection of AR15’s with less money, or you can replace your old AR15 without breaking the bank. Purchasing a rifle on a budget is much simpler when you go with the collapsible stock.

    You have a few options when you purchase your rifle, but the collapsible rifle stock is by far the best. A Collapsible stock rifle is more comfortable to carry, fire and move. You can save space when you stash the rifle, and you can ready yourself at any time with a flick of the stock. New collapsible stock rifles have been designed for military use, and you get the same advantages when you purchase a new AR15 for hunting or target practice at the range.

    Comparison of Mil-Spec and Commercial AR-15 Collapsible Stocks

    Mil-Spec Stock Characteristics

    Mil-Spec Stock Characteristics

    A Mil-spec stock is required when you have a mil-spec buffer tube. The buffer tube is also called the lower receiver extender. Mil-spec tubes are smaller in diameter and have threads that are larger than the actual tube. The mil-spec tube is ~1.48″ in diameter. Mil-spec tubes also tend to have stronger threads which leads to a better overall gun setup. The tube is made from 7075-T6 alloy which creates 1-3 and 16-16 UN thread rolls. When being manufactured, the threads are first lathed as normal, then the tube is milled down to the military specific standards.

    Commercial AR-15 Collapsible Stocks Characteristics

    Commercial Stock Characteristics

    A commercial collapsible stock will fit on a buffer tube that is ~1.168″. They were created as a cheaper version to reduce costs to those wanting to have a more cost effective setup. They cost less because the extension is manufactured from an extruded tube and the tube has a welded on cap that’s usually made from a lesser metal. The threads match the 1-3 and 16-16 threads of the mil-spec but may not be as durable. The commercial stocks are often slanted at the point of attachment.

    Differences

    The differences between the mil-spec collapsible AR15 stock and the commercial collapsible stock are small but very important. The stocks can look almost identical but key differences will determine whether or not you have a successful setup. When deciding between a mil-spec and commercial collapsible stock its important to note that the buffer tube size is the most important consideration.

    Mil-Spec vs Commercial AR-15 Collapsible Stocks

    These stocks are not interchangeable so tube size must be considered. If you wish to switch from either mil-spec to commercial or vice versa you can change out the buffer, tube and spring. Mil-spec stocks will often give you more options as far as the type of stock you want. They just tend to be more common and you can find a wide variety of collapsible mil-spec stocks. Also it’s usually found that with mil-spec stocks, the fitting may be more consistent over different brands.

    It’s not always true but the following brands normally will use a mil-spec stock: Colt, Bravo, Daniel Defense, Smith & Wesson, Ruger and Spikes Tactical. Sabre, Bushmaster, Rock River, DPMS, and Olympic Arms usually will require a commercial collapsible stock. A commercial AR stock will go on a mil-spec tube but won’t fit exactly as it should and may leave some play at the connection, whereas a mil-spec stock will not fit on a commercial tube at all. Commercial stocks tend to be slanted at the attachment point where mil-spec stocks will be straight. Milspec stock tend to cost more than commercial stocks because they are costlier to manufacture but you often get a return on your investment based on the higher quality of the mil-spec stocks.

    How to Remove an AR-15 Stock

    There are a lot of reasons as to why you would need to remove the buttstock on your AR-15 rifle. Some of those reasons may be:

    • To clean your stock
    • To replace your stock with a new one
    • You need to fix it
    • You just like to take apart your guns (me!)

    Whatever reason you may have for wanting to take apart your stock, it can sometimes be a pain in the butt to do it. Especially if you are removing it for the very first time.

    There are some small tips and tricks that you can use to make the whole process go smoother and quicker. That is what I will be covering today and by the end of this article you should be able to remove you ar15 stock without a problem!

    To make your life a lot easier, make sure that you have a wrench tool. This will make taking off the stock a lot easier. Here at Max Blagg we would recommend getting the NC Star Wrench Tool as it will do everything you need and more!

    NC Star Ar-15 Wrench Tool

     

    Once you have that tool taking off your buttstock will be a breeze. Since explaining this process is easier with a video, below you will find a couple different videos that will walk you through how to remove you ar15 stock.

    AR-15 Buttstock removal and replacement

    The first video is probably the only video that you need to watch. It makes it VERY simple and you will have your stock removed in no time.

    AR15 Collapsable Stock Removal

    This next video will help the people looking to remove a collapsible stock. This video is a tad bit longer (around 10 minutes) but there are some extra things you will need to do with this type of stock. Watch below:

    Brownells – Changing standard Buttstock to Collapsible

    This last video is a basic one but will be useful for those who still have the factory stock installed and you want to replace it with a new custom one.

    That is going to wrap up this article on how to remove your AR-15 stock and hopefully you have been able to accomplish it. I know it seems hard at first but with the wrench tool and these video tutorials you should be able to take off your stock no problem.

    If for some reason you do have a problem, leave a comment below and we will try to assist you the best we can. Thanks for reading!

    AR15 Collapsible Stock vs. Fixed Stock

    The AR15 rifle is versatile weapon you can carry anywhere, and you must understand the difference between a rifle with a fixed and collapsible stock. The butt of the weapon helps you steady yourself, but the AR15 comes in multiple versions.

     

    AR15 Collapsible Stock vs Fixed Stock

     

    You must choose a rifle that you are comfortable carrying, and the rifle must be easy to pack with your gear. This article explores the difference between a fixed and collapsible stock, and you can make your choice between the two as you shop.

    What Is A Fixed Stock?

    Old military rifles were created with fixed stocks that do not shift while you are on the move. A fixed stock rifle is more reliable in the field, but these rifles are much more difficult to carry. You need a special bag to carry your rifle, and you may not be able to carry the rifle with the rest of your gear.

    AR-15 Fixed Stock

    Hunters who travel into the wilderness with an AR 15 may feel more comfortable with a rifle that requires no setup, and you may be accustomed to firing a fixed stock rifle. Do not change to a collapsible stock unless you are willing to put in the practice on a new weapon.

    What Is A Collapsible Stock?

    Collapsible stock rifles fold up for easier storage. You will snap the stock into place before firing, and you may break the rifle down at any time. A collapsible stock rifle is easier to store, and you will enjoy versatility when you are using a collapsible stock.

    AR-15 Collapsible Stock

    You may fold up your stock at any time, and the stock can be snapped back when you need it. Your rifle can be packed with the rest of your gear, and you will not run out of storage space.

    Which Stock Is Preferable?

    Every marksman has a different preference, and you must practice on the rifle you have chosen. Changing from one stock to another is not a safe proposition, and you need to overcome quite a learning curve when changing styles.

    A collapsible stock rifle is lighter than normal, and you will feel the recoil from the rifle differently. An AR15 fixed stock rifle could be made from any wood or metal, and the weight of the rifle varies. You cannot fire the rifle safely or accurately without practice, and a sudden change in rifle styles will not help you remain safe.

    Storage In The Field

    A fixed stock rifle can be propped against a tree or inside a perch, and you can pick up the rifle without making any sound. A collapsible stock rifle will make a clicking noise when you open the stock. Animals in the forest will be alerted to your presence, or you must open the stock slowly. You could miss out on a clean shot, or you will scare every animal that gets near you.

    Using a collapsible stock rifle at the shooting range helps you store the rifle in a locker, and you can travel with the rifle more easily. Obscuring a rifle in your vehicle is easier when it folds up, and the a fixed AR15 stock rifle is obviously a firearm. You could avoid trouble with other motorists or people in the parking lot when you are carrying a gun that does not look like a gun.

    Conclusion

    There is no right answer when choosing between fixed and collapsible stock rifles, but you must choose the rifle you have practiced on most. Your level of comfort with the rifle determines your accuracy, and a rifle you are comfortable with is much safer when firing.

    The Best AR-15 Upgrades

    In this article, we’re going to talk about some of the awesome upgrades you can make to your AR15. Performing these upgrades is a great way to learn the ins and outs of your rifle. Customizing and building it up allows you to connect with it as an extension of yourself. No one rifle is the same and being able to make it your own is a vital part of the respect that you gain for one another. This weapon  is something that can save your life and you want to make it as reliable as possible.

    Upper & Lower Receivers

    The first AR 15 upgrade parts we’re going to talk about is the changing of your upper and lower receivers. The upper and lower receivers are the backbone of your weapon. The upper and lower receivers come in two different versions: forged and billet. Forged receivers are made from a hot block of aluminum being pressed between two dies. Billet receivers are made from a solid block of aluminum that is slowly etched away by a CNC machine.

    There are numerous variations you can make to your weapon by choosing different receivers and it can completely change the look. If you’re looking for a new .223 Remington receiver, you can check out the Battle Arms BAD556-LW Lightweight Billet Receiver. Or if you’re looking for a lower receiver that’s complete with a stock, take a look at the Spikes Tactical AR-15 Complete M4 Lower Receiver. To really step things up, consider checking out a new upper receiver such as the Adams Arms AR-15/M16 Tactical Elite Piston Upper Receiver or the Colt Complete Upper Receiver 16”. When purchasing your new receivers, be sure to take into account your specific cartridge size and barrel length to ensure everything matches up with your current parts.

    Barrels

    Making a decision on the type of barrel to upgrade to depends entirely on the function of your rifle. Choosing a new barrel can come down to complex questions about ballistics, barrel linings, length, and chambering, so be sure to figure out exactly what you want to use it for, and build from there. If you’re looking for a few good .223 options, be sure to check out the Brownells AR-15/M16 223 Remington Barrel or the Colt 16-5/8” Barrel for a classic AR look.

    Stocks

    Choosing the right stock is vital for both comfort and reliability. Stocks come in two kinds: fixed and collapsible. While fixed stocks generally offer more in the way of accuracy and consistency, upgrades made to collapsible stocks make them a viable choice for their functionality, while also maintaining integrity when it comes to accuracy and consistency.

    When choosing a stock, be sure to choose a replacement that fits your buffer tube. Also, be sure to take into consideration how heavy your barrel, upper receiver, and any other attachments you have mounted to the front of your gun are. If your weapon tends to be front heavy, be sure to get a stock that will help balance out the overall weight of the gun, while still allowing it to be as maneuverable and functional as possible.  Be sure to check out the Tapco AR-15 T6 Collapsible Stock and the Command Arms AR-15/M16 Sniper Stock.

    Triggers

    Finding the right trigger can be as tricky a task as any. It all comes down to each shooter’s personal preference. Finding the one that works right for you can be a long, but ultimately rewarding process. Do you want it to feel like a quick snap, or do you want to apply a lot of pressure? Prior to the latest advancements in drop in trigger assemblies, a new trigger meant a trip to the gunsmith. Well, fortunately for us, not any longer! Whether it be single stage, two-stage, 3-gun, match, adjustable, non-adjustable, straight or curved bow, cassette or combat, there are a number of high quality drop in triggers available for ARs that you can install yourself. A couple of good examples include the Rock River Arms National Match 2-Stage Trigger and the Timney Drop-In Trigger Module.

    Sights & Optics

    Sights and optics are some of the most vital parts of your weapon. Having high quality and reliable sights could be the difference in you making a clean shot or missing completely. Whether you intend to use your rifle for personal protection, hunting, or sport, there’s an optic for every use. Some people prefer the classic old school iron sights. Many feel that younger shooters these days don’t know the fine art of shooting with iron sights, with no help from any fancy technology. The other side of the coin is that new holographic and red dot optics gives the shooter a bit of an advantage when it comes to acquiring targets faster from longer distances. Regardless of your personal preference, there is a wide variety of optics out there for every shooter’s personal tastes. If you’re looking for more of an old school feel, be sure you look into the Yankee Hill Gas Block Front Flip Sight with a Matech AR-15/M16/M4 USGI Backup Iron Sight. Perhaps you’re looking for more advanced optics? If so, check out the Eotech 552.A65 Holographic Weapon Sight or the Aimpoint Micro T-1 Red Dot Sight.

    Charging Handles

    The next upgrade we’re going to talk about is updating your charging handle. This unique adaptation was made early on in the life of the AR-15 and has proven to be a reliable way to arm your weapon. Many people prefer to update their charging handles due to the fact than many mil-spec handles are smaller and harder to operate with gloves, or for people who shoot left-handed. Upgrading your charging handle can be a great way to add that special, unique touch to your weapon, while also making it more efficient. A couple of great handles to check out include the AXTS AR-15/M16 Raptor Charging Handle and the Bravo Company AR-15/M16 Ambidextrous BCM Gunfighter Charging Handle.

    Grips

    The grip is an important upgrade to consider and should never be overlooked. Standard AR grips can be uncomfortable and can cause unwanted rubbing or pressure on certain areas of your hand. Some people that are left-handed or that have larger hands might also find that typical grips offer a low profile and awkward feel that doesn’t work well with their hands. If you’ve been using your standard grip for a long time, you’ve more than likely noticed the negative effects on your hand, so changing it is probably one of the first things you’ll want to consider. For a few good ideas, check out the Hogue AR-15 Pistol Grip or the Ergo AR-15/M16 Rigid Ergo Grip.

    Muzzle Devices

    Another great way to add some flare to your AR is to add a muzzle device. Muzzle devices are used for a variety of different purposes including taming recoil, suppressing sound, and reducing flash.  Flash hiders reduce the visibility of gases as they exit the barrel. Muzzle breaks reduce recoil by expanding gases and bleeding them off through various drilled holes. Suppressors reduce the overall decibel level of firing by capturing the energy of gases and passing them off through chambers. If you’re looking for a flash hider, check out the Bravo Company AR-15/M16 Extended A2 Style Flash Hider. If you’re in the market for a muzzle break, check out the Lantac Dragon Muzzle Brake. Finally, if you’re looking for a suppressor, be sure to check out the Gemtech G5 5.56 Suppressor.

    Stippling

    The final upgrade we’re going to cover is called stippling. Purely a cosmetic upgrade, stippling can be a great way to add character to your rifle as well as adding extra grip to your magazines. Stippling is the process of burning tiny holes into the surface of polymer magazines or grips with the tip of a soldering iron.

    It can be done in any pattern you see fit, but most are done in rows of rectangles in order to add a textured surface that’s easier to hold on to. If doing this upgrade is something that interests you, be sure to do some research on the parts you plan to alter(good tutorial here). For instance, making changes to the structure of your magazine could be considered weakening the structure and could potentially void any factory warranty.

    Conclusion

    If you’ve already completed a lot of these AR 15 upgrades and you’re looking for a few other unique ideas to really step up your AR-15, feel free to check out these other upgrades: Ambidextrous Safety Selectors, Anti-Rotational Pins, Free Floating Hand Guards, and Slings. Regardless of your skill level or whether you want to do one or all of these upgrades, get in there and have some fun making your weapon your own. It will truly feel like an extension of yourself and it will be something you can take great pride in! Have fun, and as always, shoot safe!

    AR-15 Flashlights – The Best Rated and Reviewed

    Taking a stock gun and customizing it to be exactly the way you want, is like taking an old muscle car and restoring it to its heyday. There are a number of modifications you can make to your gun. Whether it’s changing your barrel to different lengths, adding high end sights or a scope, or adding other attachments, customizing your gun can be a fun and great way to learn the ins and outs of your weapon. When it comes to personal defense, you want to guarantee that your weapon works the first time, every time.

    In this article we’re going to talk about flashlights for AR-15s. Guns and flashlights have been a common match for years. With the emergence of LED lighting, you can get a bright light in a small, lightweight package. With this emergence, many gun makers have begun to manufacture their rifles with options for easily mounting them as well.

    Handheld vs Mounted AR15 Flashlights

    An important question to consider is if you want a handheld light, or something that mounts to your rifle. This is an important question because with every accessory you add to your AR, the more it weighs.

    With more weight comes different handling, and that’s something to account for should you decide to equip your rifle with a flashlight. Be sure to take it to the range and become comfortable with the changes in how it handles.

    Some people may say, “I don’t want the handling to change, why can’t I just carry the flashlight”? Although that’s a perfectly reasonable option, when it comes down to your safety, do you want to have to awkwardly carry a light, or do you want it mounted to your weapon so your hands are free for more important tasks?

    Why do you need a Flashlight?

    There are many different uses for flashlights. If you’re out hunting late and need to be able to see on your way back to camp, having a flashlight mounted to your weapon makes it convenient to see where you’re going. In a personal defense situation, having a light can help you see as you’re moving around and help you get the upper hand.

    In a completely dark environment, turning your light on toward your enemy may temporarily catch them off guard and blind them; although I wouldn’t count on that to always help you.

    It’s all about tactical advantage, and having a flashlight increases your chances by giving you the ability to see in the dark and identify a potential threat.

    What makes a good AR15 Flashlight?

    So what makes a good flashlight? Well, it depends on what qualities are important to you. If you choose to get a flashlight that mounts to your AR, you want to be sure that you get the most compact, lightweight light you can find.

    As I mentioned before, it will certainly change how your weapon handles, but the lighter the weight of the flashlight, the less of an effect it will have. Another reason to keep it as compact as possible is so that it doesn’t impede your line of sight. One more important thing to determine is how bright your light needs to be.

    Most recommendations are between 100 and 400 lumens. However, keep in mind that not all manufacturers measure lumens in the same way. The best thing you can do is to try a few out and see which one works best for you.

    Here’s another thing to consider: Will you get a flashlight that stays on indefinitely once you turn it on, or will it have a pressure switch that you control? Personally, my flashlight for my AR has a pressure switch. “Why?” you might be asking. Well, here’s my reasoning. If you’re moving through a dark environment and you need to see, it’s better to flash your light on temporarily, just for a second or two, to guide you as you move, instead of it constantly being on and allowing your enemy to see the light, and in turn, know exactly where you are and where you’re heading.

    Now you might be saying, “Well, I can still turn my flashlight on and off without a pressure switch”. Yes, that’s very true, but again, it’s all about tactical advantage. Do you want to have to reach forward to the front of your rifle and fidget around trying to find the on/off switch? Or do you want to keep your hands in a constant position on the grip and your finger by the trigger as it should be? When I considered that, it was an easy choice for me.

    The 3 Best AR-15 Flashlights

    Now that you’ve taken it upon yourself to do some research and educate yourself on the benefits of having a flashlight, the uses for one, and the important things to consider when choosing one, let’s take a look at a few and see what they have to offer!

    #1. Ultimate Arms LED Tactical Flashlight

    This flashlight features an aircraft grade aluminum housing that is waterproof and weatherproof. It installs onto any Weaver or Picatinny rail straight out of the box with the mount included. The LED light emits 130 lumens and has a strobe feature.

    It weighs 8oz (batteries installed), is 6” long, and only utilizes 1.75” of rail space when installed. The light also features a push button tail cap to choose between solid light or strobe mode and comes with a pressure sensor cord.

    Pros: Versatile mount that requires no gunsmithing. Impact resistant, durable, and waterproof. Includes constant on and strobe feature. Comes with pressure sensor switch for easy operation without moving hands away from grip and trigger.

    Cons: Lowest light output on our list at 130 lumens. Heaviest light coming in at 8oz.

    #2. PolyTac LED Flashlight

    The PolyTac flashlight features C4 LED technology that utilizes a parabolic reflector that outputs 275 lumens. Its nylon polymer case makes it super durable and impact resistant. It features 3 different modes. The first mode, High, outputs the brightest light with a beam distance of 195m and a 3 hour battery life.

    The second mode, Low, is used in situations where less light is needed in exchange for a higher battery life of 14 hours. The final mode, Strobe, is used for signaling or disorienting. The run time for strobe is approximately 5.5 hours. It comes in on the weight chart at 4.2oz (batteries installed) and a length of 5.34 inches.

    Pros: Extremely durable. Lightweight. Variable modes for different situations. Works with standard rails (when purchased with optional mount).

    Cons: Short battery life when used on High or Strobe mode. No pressure switch.

    #3. Orion H40-W LED Tactical Flashlight

    The H40-W tactical flashlight is made of high strength aluminum for extreme durability. It features a Cree XM-L U2 (cool white) LED that outputs an incredibly high 500 lumens at 175 yards. This LED is recoil proof due to its indestructible LED emitter.

    It’s ready to be mounted to standard Picatinny rails with the mount designed for it. Featuring a constant on switch, as well as a pressure switch, this light is very versatile. Coming it at 3.4oz (without batteries) and 5.2in long, this flashlight is both compact and waterproof.

    Pros: Highest output at 500 lumens. On/off switch as well as a pressure switch. Lightweight. Recoil proof. Works with standard rails.

    Cons: Short battery life due to high lumen output (75 minutes).

    Conclusion

    All of these flashlights are versatile, well designed, and well suited for a variety of situations. My personal pick would be the Orion H40-W. Its 500 lumen output at 175 yards is truly impressive. The only downside is the relatively short run time of 75 minutes.

    However, with its durable, recoil proof design, its pressure switch, and its compact footprint, I believe it’s a truly solid flashlight that is well worth the investment.

    Now that it’s time to make your decision, be sure to do a little research when deciding on where to buy the light. Not every website offers these lights with the pressure switch, batteries, and mount included; so be sure to order those accessories along with the light, or find an all-inclusive package!