9mm VS 45: What Is The Difference Between The Two?

9mm vs 45 Ammo Comparisons


Choosing your gun is amongst one of the most crucial decisions you make in your life. Usually, depending upon the intended purpose of the weapon, common considerations that guide a gun buying decision include its size, shooting range, ease of firing, sound produced on firing, weight and the cost. For instance, if you need the gun for your safety and protection at home, then you might be okay with a big gun like a shotgun or a rifle as long as it comfortable to fire. If you intend to carry the firearm on your person then you would want it to be compact and easy to conceal.

However, another important factor that can influence your decision is the kind of cartridge the gun uses and what will you need. There are many different kinds of ammo. So many that a first-time buyer can get thoroughly confused. For the sake of dialing down the confusion, we are only going to pitt a 9mm vs 45 in this article.

What Is A Cartridge?

Commonly confused with a bullet, a cartridge or ammo actually has these components:

  • A bullet which is the actual part of the cartridge that impacts the target.
  • A casing which holds the primer and powder and makes the shell of the cartridge.
  • A primer which helps ignite the powder.
  • A powder that explodes.
  • At the bottom of the cartridge is the primer. It is a chemical compound which is struck by the firing pin at the base of the cartridge when the gun’s trigger is pulled. This creates a spark and ignites the powder. The powder catches fire and explodes. This explosion creates a large amount of pressure that throws the bullet out of the cartridge and ultimately out of the barrel of the gun resulting in the weapon firing.

    The empty cartridge needs to be removed from the weapon to make room for the next cartridge to be fired. Some weapons do this automatically while some need to be emptied manually.

    How Does Ammo Differ?

    gun ammo


    If it is your first experience with owning a gun, the sea of options in ammo can make it very difficult to choose the right ammo for you. But there are two broad differences that can help you out.

    The first is whether you want a rimfire or a centerfire ammo. In the centerfire cartridges, you’ll be able to see the primer in the center of the base of the bullet. If the base of the cartridges is flat with no primer in the center, it is a rimfire ammo.

    It just means that firing pin will hit the center in the case of centerfire ammo and it will hit the rim in case of the rimfire ammo. Though, the rimfire bullets are much cheaper, you will usually find them only small caliber.

    This brings us to the second big difference - the size of the ammo. There are many different sizes of cartridges - 9mm, .40 S&W, 45 ACP, 12 Ga, .50 BMG and the list goes on.


    Why Size Matters

    Ammo contributes significantly to the choice of gun you make because of its size. Guns that use larger cartridges have more stopping power - that means a greater impact on the target. At the same time, they are slow to fire continuously because of the higher recoil. Their size may also decrease the magazine capacity, which we will talk about later, and their follow up shots are also limited.

    Guns with smaller cartridges offer the advantage of fast follow up shots and more room for multiple shots. Also, their stopping power is less, which is safer for first time users.

    As promised, let us understand and compare the 9mm and 45 to help you understand which one is the cartridge for you so you can choose the right gun for yourself.


    History

    Both, the 9mm and 45 go back to the beginning of the 20th century.

    Actually named the 9x19 Parabellum, the 9mm was designed by George Luger way back in 1901 and went into production a year later. It was adopted by the German Navy and German Army in the years 1904 and 1906, respectively. It was also used by the German forces in World War 1.

    In the year 1904, John Browning developed the .45, commonly called the 45. Many countries including the United States used it during the World War 1.

    Both cartridges have been popular amongst the worlds’ armed forces since then.

    This is pretty much where the similarities between the two cartridges end. Both are so popular with patrons rooting for them equally that besides a few common factors it is always the 9mm vs 45.

     

    9mm vs 45 man firing a gun

    9mm VS 45: What’s The Difference?

    Let’s get to the why these cartridges are so different.

    Origin

    The 45 was made in the United States of America while the 9mm was made in Germany.

    Diameters

    • Bullet Diameter: The bullet diameter, also known as the caliber, determines the whole it makes in the target. The 9mm as the name suggests has a diameter of 9.01 mm whereas the .45 has a diameter of .452 inches or 11.01 mm. You will often find guns being named in a caliber. That is because of the diameter of the gun’s barrel and hence, of the cartridge.
    • Base Diameter: The 9mm has a base diameter of 9.93 mm, while the 45 has one of 12.1 mm.
    • Neck Diameter: The 9mm has a base diameter of 9.96 mm, while the 45 has one of 12.2 mm.

    Case Type

    There have been no significant findings to prove the effect of casing design on a bullet’s velocity or ballistics. Yet, some manufactures claim that their design makes a difference. In case of the 9mm, you’ll find the casing to be tapered while the 45 has a straight one.

    Case Length

    The case length can affect how far inside a bullet is seated in the cartridge.

    You will find a case length of .898 inches in a 45 and of .754 inches in a 9mm cartridge.

    Expansion

    The 9mm expands .36” to .72” while the 45 expands .45” to .79”.

    Length Of The Cartridge

    A cartridge length should be able to accomodate the following:

    • The neck should be long enough to give the cartridge a comfortable seating and enough hold.
    • The cartridge should not be too big for the gun’s magazine.

    The 9mm ammo is 19.15mm long while the 45 is 32.4mm long.

    Pressure

    The pressure is one of the contributors to how far and how fast the bullet is projected from the cartridge and gun. The 9mm has a maximum pressure of 34,084 psi, while the 45 has maximum pressure of  21,000 psi.

    Velocity

    A high speed cartridge is always better. Hence, with a velocity range of 95-1400 FPS, the 9mm beats the 45 which travels in a range of 700-1150 FPS.

    Energy

    The 9mm carries an energy of 115 grains: 323 foot-pounds which is much lower than the 185 grains: 411 foot pounds of the 45.

    Momentum

    Ballistic experts have maintained that the momentum is a good measure of the bullet’s performance. In that case the 9mm falls short of momentum by a large gap against the 45.

    Primer

    The 45 uses the same primer as large rifles while the 9mm uses the Berdan or Boxer primer for small pistols. The Berdan primer is mostly used by militaries though it is reusable, it is a difficult process as the primer cup is attached to the casing itself. While the boxer primer is most popular is the United States due to its ease of replacement.

    Penetration

    The deeper a bullet penetrates, the more damage it causes to the target. The 45 gives a bullet penetration of 11.3” to 14.3” as compared to the 9mm’s 8” to 15.9” penetration.

    Capacity Of The Magazine

    The 9mm cartridges are smaller than the 45. Hence, magazines can hold more of the 9mm. However, the capacity may vary depending upon which gun is being used. Usually, a magazine shipped from the factory can carry 6-14 cartridges in case of 45s and 6-20 cartridges in case of the 9mms.

    Recoil

    man pointing a gun

    Recoil refers to the force with which a firearm recoils when it is fired without support from behind. It impacts the user and can even cause serious injury. The 9mm cartridge has a lower recoil than the 45 ammo. The latter is known to push the firearm user’s hands backward on firing.

    Cost

    A 9mm cartridge is much cheaper than the 45.

    Happy Choosing

    There you are! Now you know pretty much everything you need to know to choose the right cartridge for you. The 9mm trumps the 45 in aspects such as cost, easy to replace primer, more magazine capacity and lower recoil, the 45 seems to be made to get the job done with its higher penetration, momentum and energy.

    You can now weigh the pros and cons of both the cartridges to decide what works best for you.

     

    Sources:

    Diffen

    Pew Pew Tactical

    Gun Digest

    Hunter Ed

    Mass Reloading

    Review, History, And Features Of The AK-47 Draco Guns

    Who hasn’t heard of the “infamous” AK-47? This is one weapon everyone is aware of and the popularity of the Avtomat Kalashnikova or commonly known as the AK-47 is due to the fact that it is one of the most reliable rifles in the world. The AK-47 is an extremely well-made rifle and is easy to use and maintain. The rifle is chambered in the powerful 7.62x39mm round. There are many variations of the AK-47 that have been developed over the years.

    In our review, we will be essentially looking at the miniature version of the AK-47 rifle i.e. the AK-47 Draco Pistol. The Draco pistol is manufactured in Romania and is imported by Century Arms. The Draco is produced in the same factory that makes Romanian military rifles.

    AK-47 Draco

    History Of The AK-47

    The AK-47 is undoubtedly the most iconic and most manufactured weapon in history. The unique curved magazine of the AK-47 and its grip are recognized the world over. The name AK-47 originated from the Russian “Avtomat Kalashnikova” and the name was in honor of the main designer of the firearm, Mikhail Kalashnikov and the automatic firing abilities of the weapon and the 47 essentially denotes the year 1947, when the trials for the rifle began, which was finally approved for use by the armed forces of the Soviet Union.

    The AK-47 is indeed the most successful, as well as, popular assault rifles in history and there is no comparison in terms of the number of guns manufactured, worldwide deployment of the weapon and service duration.

    The AK-47 is not a completely original design and is actually a union of the design concepts from several pre-existing weapons. The design of the gas-driven mechanism, the trigger system, rotating bolt and safety catch of the AK-47 were all borrowed from weapons that already existed. However, all these features were merged to develop the AK-47 rifle which offered fantastic durability, ruggedness and low production costs.

    And, the result of this was the production of an extremely lightweight firearm that had a moderate recoil and which was easy to handle and control yet placed quite a lot of power in the hands of the shooter. The accuracy of the rifle was a secondary factor and it was the power and ability to deliver firepower in an effective manner, which made the AK-47 unlike any other rifle produced before.

    Features Of The Draco Pistol

    The Draco is equipped with a barrel that is 12.25 inches long and the barrel sports wooden furniture and a very short sight radius. However, the pistol features an SB Tactical Brace.

    How The Draco Performs On The Range

    The Draco is quite a “hottie” when it comes to its performance on the range. The 12.25-inch barrel is capable of producing quite a huge muzzle blast and flash and without the muzzle device, the pistol actually roars.

    The 7.62x39mm round of the pistol does not suffer massively in terms of the performance due to the short barrel of the pistol. In reality, it only loses around 200 FPS due to the short barrel and is more capable ballistically compared to the other short barreled rifles such as the 5.56 rifles.

    Since the 7.62x39mm round is designed for use at a distance of 300m or lesser, it may be quite difficult to hit long range targets with the Draco pistol, which has a short sight radius. However, the Draco is powerful when used within its effective range. The potency of the pistol at close quarters and the short size of the weapon makes the Draco excellent for home defense.

    The recoil of the Draco is minimal, especially if it is braced properly against your arm or shoulder. The pistol is easy to control and you can shoot with ease. You may experience some muzzle rise while shooting with the pistol; however, this is controllable and using a muzzle device can help to control the rise.

    Ergonomics

    The Draco pistol has the charging handle located on the right side and if you master the technique, you can charge the gun with your left hand too. The magazine release is an ambidextrous paddle that is located behind the magazine. You need practice to use it properly for speed and tactical reloads. However, the worst aspect of the weapon is its safety, which is quite difficult to master and not intuitive as you would find in the AR-15 or any type of western rifle. The Draco pistol is quite easy to handle with the SB Tactical Brace. The pistol is short, compact, lightweight and extremely simple to maneuver, control and fire. However, without the brace, the pistol can be quite heavy and clumsy to handle and difficult to fire with accurately.

    Reliability

    In terms of the reliability, the Draco is very reliable. Even if you do not clean it for thousands of rounds, the pistol works pretty efficiently. And you just need to pull the trigger lightly for the pistol to go off.

    Purpose

    The Draco is exceptionally short, which makes it very easy to use, especially at close quarters. The pistol is the perfect length if you are using it inside your home. You can control the pistol very well and use the sights if you have an SB Tactical Brace for the gun and you can brace it. The round of the pistol is quite large and when it is fed from a 30-round magazine, it will give you sufficient power to shoot.

    AK Pistol Variants

    Over the years, with SBRs (short-barreled rifles) becoming quite popular, so have AK-type pistols. The Romanian Draco, the Mini Draco and the Serbian PAP M92 are among the most popular AK pistol variants in the market. And, depending on the import market and if they include a brace, the AK pistols cost anywhere in the range of $525- $600. All the AK pistol variants have stamped receivers and are chambered in 7.62x39mm magazines.

    The Serbian PAP M92 is imported current and makes use of the Yugo-patterned handguards and sports 26 × 1.5 mm muzzle threads. The Draco pistols make use of standard AKM-patterned handguards, while the Mini Draco features the single-piece proprietary handguard. Both the Romanian, as well as the Mini Draco have 14 x 1 mm muzzle thread, which is covered by a muzzle cap that is welded shut.

    The Serbian PAP M92 has a barrel that is 10” long, the Romanian Draco has an 11.75” long barrel and the Mini Draco has a 7.75” barrel. While the barrel of the Dracos is lined with chrome, the Serbian PAP M92’s barrel is not chrome lined. Both the Draco variants are cut-down versions of the AKM, while the PAP M92 is similar to AKS-74U type weapon, which also known as Krinkov.

    AK pistols do not have the same restrictions under 922(r) like rifles as they mainly comprise components which are completely foreign-made.

    Over the years, with SBRs (short-barreled rifles) becoming quite popular, so have AK-type pistols. The Romanian Draco, the Mini Draco and the Serbian PAP M92 are among the most popular AK pistol variants in the market. And, depending on the import market and if they include a brace, the AK pistols cost anywhere in the range of $525- $600. All the AK pistol variants have stamped receivers and are chambered in 7.62x39mm magazines.

    The Serbian PAP M92 is imported current and makes use of the Yugo-patterned handguards and sports 26 × 1.5 mm muzzle threads. The Draco pistols make use of standard AKM-patterned handguards, while the Mini Draco features the single-piece proprietary handguard. Both the Romanian, as well as the Mini Draco have 14 x 1 mm muzzle thread, which is covered by a muzzle cap that is welded shut.

    The Serbian PAP M92 has a barrel that is 10” long, the Romanian Draco has an 11.75” long barrel and the Mini Draco has a 7.75” barrel. While the barrel of the Dracos is lined with chrome, the Serbian PAP M92’s barrel is not chrome lined. Both the Draco variants are cut-down versions of the AKM, while the PAP M92 is similar to AKS-74U type weapon, which also known as Krinkov.

    AK pistols do not have the same restrictions under 922(r) like rifles as they mainly comprise components which are completely foreign-made.

    Mini Draco Pistol Review

    Features Of The Mini Draco Pistol

    The Mini Draco pistol as we know is based on the design of the AK-47 rifle. Chambered in 7.62x39mm, the pistol is ideal for very specific purposes such as residential or static purposes or as a weapon for personal defense that engages the target at a close distance. The pistol has an 18-inch barrel, which makes it moderately compact compared to other pistols chambered in larger calibers.  

    The Draco Mini accommodates all types of magazines that can be used with AK-47 rifles. The pistol features a Midwest Industries rail which is made especially for the Draco Mini. The rail has circular divots and 4 rails which are positioned around every assembly plane and the assembly is pretty simple.

    The rail has a Bushnell Red Dot optic which is reliable and rugged and maintains battery life and offers 11 dim settings. The pistol has a 6-MOA hold (1.5-inches at 25 yards); however, for the purpose of close-range defense, the pistol offers excellent near to mid-range coverage. The sight radius of the Mini Draco’s iron sights are around 6-inches and the rear sight is located toward the forward aft of the pistol, adding around 10-inches to the “eyeball rear sight” distance.

    The Mini Draco is equipped with a Medieval flash suppressor from Troy Industries and though the fireball is significant, the pistol reduces the optic signature of the flash considerably. The pistol has a standard rubberized Hogue grip which helps to reduce the recoil and also better control of the weapon, especially when you’re shooting in various stances.

    The internal parts of the Mini Draco are very similar to the AK-47; however, the pistol has a composite block behind the bolt assembly. Since the gas rod of the Mini Draco is much shorter than the AK-47, the bolt group does not need the same recoil distance as the AK.

    Pros And Cons Of The Mini Draco Pistol

    PROS

    CONS

    • Versatile
    • Compact
    • Reliable
    • Has a powerful caliber
    • Can be modified easily
    • Sufficiently accurate
    • Quite expensive

    • Dependent on the composite block

    • Requires specific after-market parts

    Romanian Draco Review

    Features Of The Romanian Draco

    Romanian Draco Pistol

    The Romanian Draco is a legal variant of the legendary AK-47 rifle created by Mikhail Kalashnikov and is targeted to the civilians. The weapon basically is a truncated version of the AK rifle and the original objective of the firearm is to bring in the heavy-weight firepower to any fight in a smaller package. The Romanian Draco is ideal for paratroopers, Spetsnaz fighters and tanker who require greater power in a more compact sized weapon.

    The Romanian Draco features an 11.75-inch barrel that has a muzzle nut which is welded on and a Hogue stock. The weapon is different compared to the AK-47 rifles as it does not have a stock that folds, instead of the 5.45×39mm chambering, the weapon is chambered in 7.362×39mm and it is a semi-automatic weapon.

    Originally, the Krinkov carbines were AK-47 pattern rifles that were shortened and the Romanian Draco is an AKM pattern weapon and has a legal classification as a handgun. So, when you make modifications to the Romanian Draco, you must be careful and follow the recommended parameters for modification.

    The Romanian Draco uses the 7.62x39mm cartridge, which is essentially round fire projectiles of 100 grains – 155 grains with velocities between 1,700 feet/sec to around 3,000 feet/sec depending on the load and bullet weight.

    The Romanian Draco needs a fair amount of training and practice to get used to and you may initially find the recoil pretty harsh, which may be due to the fact that the gun has a short barrel and no stock. Overall, the Romanian Draco offers a great feeling when you are shooting with it. As far as a compact weapon goes, the Romanian Draco is very versatile and handy.

    Pros And Cons Of The Romanian Draco

    PROS

    CONS

    • There is plenty of firepower that you get for the small, compact gun.
    • It is quite light in weight.
    • The gun is short and handy at a close shooting range.
    • The short barrel of the gun and lack of a stock make the Romanian Draco quite difficult to control, especially in the situation of rapid fire. These factors also make the gun less accurate.

    • May not be reliable.

    The Draco is a great fun gun and is ideal for the purposes of home defense. Although the gun is quite loud, it is an excellent gun to shoot with and defend yourself. And, at the end of the day, it is as close you can get to an AK and who wouldn’t want to own one!

    Beginners Guide To Bullet Sizes And Types

    bullets on a table with different bullet sizes

    There was a time when there were only a couple of types of bullets from which to choose. However, over time, the ammunition industry evolved to manufacture a plethora of types and sizes of bullets. To know what bullet sizes to use, you need to become more familiar with a few things first.

    You need to understand the terminology used when talking about bullets in general. You also need to get familiar with some other details about bullets that will allow you to choose the right one. Furthermore, you also need to know about some of your options.

    Terminology

    The word bullet is often used incorrectly. What you may think of as a bullet is actually a combination of different parts. The case is the outside, cylindrical part. The pointed end is the bullet. This is what will hit your target when you shoot. Inside the case are the gunpowder and the primer. The primer causes the ignition which allows the gunpowder to ignite and pop the bullet out of the case to shoot. The whole thing is called a cartridge, not a bullet.

    It may also help to understand that there are two types of cartridges. You can define them based on the primer. A rimfire type has primer in the rim or the bottom part of the cartridge. It explodes completely, leaving the case unusable. A centerfire type has the primer in the very center of the bottom. It will not ruin the case, so you can reload this type of cartridge.

    Caliber is the size of the inside of your gun barrel. You have to choose bullets that match the caliber or else you will have big problems. The bullet needs to sail smoothly out of the barrel. If it is too small, there is a risk that it won’t move correctly out of the barrel. With a too large caliber, you run the risk of having your gun blow up due to the bullet getting stuck.

    A few more things to know before you start considering the different types of bullets include how the weight and speed are determined and what stopping power means. The weight of the cartridge is measured in grains. One pound is equivalent to 7,000 grains. The exact speed of the bullet is given in feet per second. The stopping power of the bullet is the number of bullets it would take to hit the target and drop it.

    Knowing these terms and understanding the general design of a bullet will help you as you consider your options and allow you to make a better decision.

    Types of Bullets

    Bullets with gun

    While there are a number of bullet types available in the market, we’ll go over the ones that are the most commonly used in hunting, self-defense, and target practice.

    Hollow point

    Considered among the more dangerous options, hollow point bullets are structured to expand on collision with the target. They are mostly used for home defense and by the armed forces and law enforcement due to their intense stopping power. While considered dangerous, they are the best in case of an attack since their high stopping power ensures maximum damage with every subsequent bullet and restricts the attacker.

    Full metal jacket

    Full metal jacket, or FMJ as they are called, are the most common type of bullets, mainly used in shooting ranges with short distances. The bullet is made of a soft metal, such as lead, which is covered by hard metal, such as copper. The presence of an outer metal covering ensures that the lead is not left in the barrel after firing the bullet. These bullets come in all kinds of shapes, including pointy, round, and flat. FMJ bullets are not very suitable for self-defense or attacks due to the low stopping power. They cut small channels as they go through the target.

    Open tip matches

    OTMs have a very small opening on the top, which makes them quite similar to hollow point bullets; however, they can’t expand due to the opening. This type of bullet is preferred mainly by long-distance target shooters since they are manufactured in a way that the bullets are standardized when it comes to their roundness. The consistency enables their suitability for shooting long-range targets.

    Ballistic tip

    Ballistic tip is the combination of full metal jacket and hollow point bullet types. It takes the stopping power of the hollow point and the physical structure of FMJ to create a bullet that is long with a boat-tail base and has a plastic covering. Ballistic tip bullets are pointy with consistent and sleek bottoms. The tip is made of plastic which enables it to keep the shape intact. These types of bullets are mainly used in hunting due to the high stopping power. The weight is mostly collected in the back of the bullet to give it more speed.

    Soft point

    Designed to expand on hitting the target, soft point bullets are made of a soft metal, such as lead, at their core and have a covering of a strong, hard metal. The front tip is left open with some of the lead exposed so that the soft metal can easily expand on hitting the target. Therefore, soft point bullets are quite similar to the full metal jacket bullets. They can cause some serious wounds due to expanding from the original caliber size. They are available in both boat-tails and normal cylindrical ends.

    Bird shot

    As the name suggests, these are small cartridges used for hunting birds, primarily. These are available as shotgun rounds and come in multiple quantities, more than a dozen, in one cartridge. They spray out when shot. Bird shots are used only as shotgun rounds and for shooting birds and pigeons but never for attack or self-defense.

    Common Bullet Sizes

    It’s quite natural for a novice to get confused when it comes to buying ammunition. There are so many sizes of bullets available on the market today that it can be tough to select the one that fits best with your needs. The most common use is hunting, self-defense, or targeting shooting, so we’ll cover the bullet sizes that mostly cater to these objectives.

    Do keep in mind that apart from the ones listed here, there are many other bullet sizes you’ll find when you go for ammunition shopping. Other common options include .380ACP, .45ACP, and 12 gauge. There are some less popular ones as well, such as .357 Magnum, which is used in revolvers and more expensive than the rest, priced at about $0.80 each. With that in mind, though, let’s look at the top options.

    Bullet Sizes

    .22LR

    The .22LR is the most commonly sold bullet due to a variety of factors. The .22 long rifle is the starter caliber for shooters. It’s used to hunt snakes, birds, etc. Here are some specific features of the bullet:

    • The bullet weighs about 30-40 grains
    • Negligible recoil makes a great caliber for people who are just beginning to shoot
    • It’s a rimfire
    • Priced at around $0.07 a round makes it extremely cheap
    • High speed and intense shooting power with small size
    • Apt for shooting ranges and hunting or training
    • Bullet velocity of approximately 1200-1600 feet/sec

    The .22LR is the best option for beginners due to its cheap price and minimum hassles of handling. While it is meant for shooting birds, snakes, and targets, it can cause serious wounds if shot at a human since it keeps moving inside the body and damages the internal organs.

    .25ACP

    .25 ACP, the automatic Colt pistol, is an upgraded version of .22LR. Being a little larger, it has a slightly higher stopping power. It’s a centerfire caliber and considered more reliable due to the centerfire covering. Let’s see some of the features of .25ACP:

    • Slightly larger than .22LR but still compact
    • High stopping power
    • Centerfire caliber straight-walled
    • Used for short ranges with low velocity
    • Reliable due to the centerfire casings
    • More expensive, priced at around $0.20 a bullet

    The .25ACP is meant to be used in handguns for home security since they can cause more damage due to higher stopping power and the reliable centerfire design.

    9mm Luger

    The 9mm Luger, or the 9x19mm Parabellum, as it’s technically named, is basically an all-rounder bullet that can be used in self-defense as well as for recreational shooting. The shooting power depends on the type of gun used. However, they do have a very low recoil which makes them more popular.

    Here’s what you get when you purchase the 9mm Luger:

    • Bullet weight between 115 and 147 grains
    • Big bullet size, similar to .380ACP
    • The standard caliber used in NATO nations and by most of the police officers universally
    • Can be used with multiple guns
    • Priced at around $0.25 each.

    The 9mm Luger can also be used in concealed guns. The size makes it very versatile.

    .56×45 mm

    Also called as the .223, the .56x45mm is used both by the armed forces as well as by civilians. The caliber is good to use for long-range, which makes it popular as a home defense round among civilians.

    Here’s what you need to know about the .56x45mm:

    • Has a slight recoil
    • Bullets weigh around 55 grains
    • Used in some specific rifles, such as M16/M4
    • The cartridge has a long-range accuracy
    • Not used in hunting

    Priced at about $0.30 each, the .223 caliber is not very popular since you can’t use it for hunting, but nevertheless, it packs power and is widely used in self-defense.

    .40 S&W

    Manufactured for the FBI initially as a 10mm caliber, the .40 S&W has been heavily popular with defense and law enforcement agencies. It has more stopping power than other handgun cartridges used and also costs less.

    Here’s what you should know about .40 S&W before choosing to buy it:

    • Bullet weight between 165 to 180 grains, making it lightweight and preferred for quick handling
    • Packs more stopping power than the 9mm
    • Costs less with bullets priced at about $0.30
    • Also used for self-defense
    • Strong recoil

    While the FBI has shifted back to use the 9mm cartridge mostly, the .40 S&W is more suitable and is still used by many law enforcement agencies due to more power and energy.

    Wrap Up of Bullet Sizes

    More options mean more confusion. This is often the case when it comes to bullet sizes. It can be overwhelming to buy the right caliber considering there are myriad sizes available in the market. Wrong bullet size and type with respect to the gun you possess can severely backfire, literally.

    There are a lot of factors that need to be considered before purchasing the bullet, along with understanding a lot of technical terms. What we have covered should give you a solid start as you begin to explore your ammunition options.

     

    Aimpoint Pro Review

    aimpoint pro  is 2 minute of angle red dot for accurate target engagement at all distances.Battery type: 3V lithium battery

    Are you always on the lookout for some cool gadgets and accessories for your precious rifles? You should definitely check out the Aimpoint PRO (Patrol Rifle Optic). The Aimpoint PRO is a very sturdy and rugged device and its red dot optic, which is “always on” is ideal for use by the military, law enforcement and even by citizens. The excellent design of the Aimpoint PRO ensures that it is the best rifle partner for professional, as well as, amateur shooters.



    Aimpoint Pro 
    Pros & Cons

    PROS

     The Aimpoint PRO offers lots of features. In fact, the features offered are much more compared to the traditional rifle optic models.

     They design and develop Aimpoint PRO for use by professional shooters. Therefore, you can expect a high-quality product with an excellent quality lens, build, etc.


     You can keep the PRO turned on continuously for over 3 years on a single battery. The optic is truly an energy saver.


     The Aimpoint PRO comes along with a mount.


     The optic is ideal for emergency combat situations and you can see through the lens of the scope, even with the cover in place. The see-through design of the Aimpoint PRO allows you to see your target even without removing the lens cover.


     The Aimpoint PRO is especially beneficial for law enforcement professionals.


     

    CONS

    ​​​​​​​​​X  The knob of the Aimpoint PRO is too large in size and protrudes out, which can be distracting.

    X  Although you can move the lens covers of the optic around to any position; however, you cannot remove it.

    X  The brightness dial of the optic sticks out.

    X  The body of the Aimpoint PRO is quite thick.

    X  The sight window of the Aimpoint PRO is fairly small and has plenty of bulk around it.

    X  You can improve the field of view of the optic.



     



    Aimpoint Pro

    aimpoint pro is 2 minute of angle red dot for accurate target engagement at all distances.Battery type: 3V lithium battery


    What is Aimpoint Pro?

    Aimpoint was started in 1974 by Swedish entrepreneurs who began looking for ways by which shooting accuracy could be improved. Their objective was to develop a sighting technology that would allow shooters to sight their target quickly and hit moving targets in all types of conditions accurately. They invented the Aimpoint red dot sight, which completely transformed the shooting industry. Today, over 200,000 shooting enthusiasts, hunters, military and police personnel use Aimpoint sights across the world.

    If the price point is not a problem, then the PRO is an excellent device to own. And, whether it catches fire, you freeze it, scuba dive with it or even leave it on for 3 years, the sturdy and durable Aimpoint PRO with its precise and bright two MOA dot is sure to last you a lifetime.

    Features of the Aimpoint PRO

    The Aimpoint PRO is a hard-anodized red dot enclosed tube-style scope that has a mount diameter of 30 mm. The hard-anodized aluminum body of the optic makes it quite rugged to withstand the tough real-world conditions.

    The centreline of the Aimpoint PRO is around 39 mm over the top of the rail along with the spacer and it has an ideal MSR height. Normally, AR sights co-witness around one-third of the way of the glass. Although the RDS of the device is long, it is distortion-free and true 1x and you can see the front sight clearly through the PRO. Without using the spacer, the Aimpoint PRO centers around 30 mm on above the rail. This is ideal for SMGs such as the Scorpion Evo and MP5 or for use on certain rifles and shotguns like the Mini-14, an AK, scout rifle, etc.

    Spacer

    The PRO comes with an AR-15 spacer that is removable and it can be removed for use on firearms like sub-guns and shotguns, Type 81, AK-47 and other firearms having a low line of sight. The PRO features the QRP2 (the rail grabber mount), which is equipped with a tightening knob that is spring-loaded and is effectively a torque wrench that has been pre-calibrated.

    At a specific level of tension, the knob moves up the angled teeth and clicks back to the base of the next. Just 3 clicks allow you to reach the ideal tension level that offers a secure hold without damaging the rail. The entire operation is toolless, effective, fast and extremely easy.

    Knob

    However, the knob may be slightly big in size and may come in the way of the left-hand charging handle. However, the plus is that you can flip the mount around so that the knob is on the right-hand side, which works very well. Alternatively, you can use an optional mount with the PRO, which enables you to swap the PRO from one gun to another easily and quickly or if you just want a much sleeker option without any parts jutting out from either side of the scope.

    The Aimpoint PRO features a single 3-volt battery that will keep the device powered at a brightness level of 7 out of 10, for around 300,000 hours or a whopping 3-4 years. The battery tube contains the adjustment dial, which enables you to adjust the brightness (turn the dial clockwise to brighten the dot and anticlockwise to dim it).

    Night-Vision

    The 1-4 levels are compatible for night-vision, while 5-10 are for daylight use and for use with the naked eye. The level 10 gives extra bright light, which may cause a halo in the optic unless you are viewing with a fully sunny background, which may cause the halo to get washed out. This enables you to see the dot, bright and crisp, even in full sunlight conditions.

    The PRO features captured caps that cover the turrets, which have a wide and deep slot and can be adjusted easily. It accepts a cartridge or coin rim readily. The adjustment clicks are 1/12” in increments of 100 yards (13 mm at 100 m). The Aimpoint PRO is equipped with adjustment cap and battery retainer straps, which ensures that all your pieces are safe and you don’t lose them.

    Lenses

    The lenses of the optic are recessed well into the PRO’s aluminum housing and provides additional protection from scratches, impact, fingerprints, dirt, etc. The front portion of the optic tube is threaded internally so that you can add an anti-reflection device to the scope. The front lens has a bend coating, which makes the device effective in the night and in dark settings. The scope is so efficient at night that it is comparable to conventional night vision devices.

    The lens of the scope is protected by a flip-away solid plastic black front cover and a transparent rear cover, which offer extra protection. The covers are also easy to move out of the way and can be rotated on the body of the PRO so that you can flip it in any direction you want. Since the Aimpoint PRO is designed to be “always on” and always ready for action, the transparent covers on the rear end of the sight enable you to use it with both your eyes open, even with the caps closed. However, needless to say, that the image will be much brighter, clearer and distortion-free without seeing it through the cap.

    Accurate Shots

    The dot of the Aimpoint PRO is precise and allows you to shoot at 100 yards and make fairly accurate shots on smaller targets. And, it is much better to use a small dot with a magnifier. The 2-minute red dot angle of the PRO ensures that the target engagement is accurate at different distances. The Aimpoint PRO is free of any parallax and with the gun rested in line with the target, you can move your head around as much as you want behind the sight and as long as you can see the dot inside the sight, it will remain on target.

    The optic offers an increased probability of 1st shot hit and improved speed on target compared to magnified scopes and iron sights. The Aimpoint PRO can be used with all types of night vision optical devices and can also be used along with the Aimpoint 3x Magnifier and Concealed Engagement device. The PRO has a modular mount that can be used on M4 Carbine, M16 and AR15 rifles.

    Waterproof

    The Aimpoint PRO has a waterproof rating of up to 150 feet and can operate in temperatures between -49°F to 160°F. The device is resistant to chemicals, shock, and vibration. The Aimpoint PRO comes with a 10-year warranty applicable for personal use and 2 years for competition or professional use. The device comes along with a 1/3N or 2L76 battery, a removable spacer, a QRP2 mount and the required tools such as bolts and hex wrenches.

    Overall, the Aimpoint PRO is an “always ready” optic, which has a crisp, bright and precise dot and it comes with a “leave it on” battery that gives you a life of over 3 years. The PRO is very rugged and sturdy and it comes along with a torque-perfect, dual-height mount. If the price of the Aimpoint PRO is not too high for you, then the only drawback of the optic is in terms of its weight. With the battery, AR riser, mount and lens cap, the weight of the Aimpoint PRO is around 11.64 oz.

    Balance

    The Aimpoint PRO is excellent in terms of the balance. While for recreational purposes, you may like to choose an optic that is smaller, more lightweight and not so pricey, for important jobs, the PRO is the ideal choice thanks to its ease of use, ruggedness, and adaptability. Combined with the right night vision and magnifier, the Aimpoint PRO is indeed the perfect optic.

    Aimpoint PRO Specifications

    General Specifications

    1. Technology: Advanced Circuit Efficiency Technology (ACET)
    2. Operating Principle: Reflex collimator sight or red dot sight
    3. Source of Light: LED, completely safe for the eyes
    4. Light Wavelength: Red light – 650nm
    5. Size of Red Dot: 2 MOA (minutes of angle)
    6. Parallax: No centering required, no parallax
    7. Night vision compatible
    8. Surface Coating: Anti-reflex coating
    9. Objective Lens Coating: Multilayer coating
    10. Eye Relief: Unlimited
    11. Magnification: 1x
    12. Dot Intensity Adjustment: Manual rotary knob
    13. Daylight Settings: 6 daylight
    14. NVD Settings: 4 NVD
    15. 1-Click Adjustment: ½-inch at 100 yards or 13mm at 100m

    Power Source Specifications

    Battery: 3 volts lithium battery, type DL 1/3N or 2L76

    Battery Life: 300,000 hours (3+ years of continuous usage)

    Physical Specifications

    1. Housing Material: High strength aluminum
    2. Housing Color: Matte black
    3. Surface Finish: Hard anodized, matte finish
    4. Mounting Method: QRP2 mount for M1913 Picatinny rail, AR15 spacer
    5. Length (Sight Only): 115 mm (4.5 inches)
    6. Conf Length x Width: 130 mm x 55 mm (5.1” x 2.2”)
    7. Width: 55 mm (2.2”)
    8. Maximum Ring Width: 30 mm
    9. Height (Sight Only): 55 mm (2.2”)
    10. Weight (Sight Only, Including Battery): 7.8 oz (220 grams)
    11. The weight of Integrated Mount: 11.6 oz (330 grams) including mount, spacer and lens covers.

    Environmental Specifications

    1. Operating Temperature Range: -45°C to 71° C, (-49°F to 160°F)
    2. Storage Temperature Range: -51°C to 71° C, (-60°F to 160°F)
    3. Water Resistance: Submersible up to 150 ft (45m)
    4. Chemical Resistance: Can withstand occasional contamination due to lubricants, fuels, firearm cleaners, insect repellents, etc.

    Price

    The cost of the Aimpoint PRO is around $500 which is definitely not very cheap. But the many features of the optic make the device well worth the money spent.


     

    Who Is It For?

    The Aimpoint PRO is a highly recommended optic for any serious shooter. Those who are keen on investing in top quality and accurate optics. The Aimpoint Pro is also an excellent product that will greatly benefit law enforcement units.

    Takeaway

    Finally, the Aimpoint PRO is a fantastic high-quality optic and is a reliable device. It will not let you down whether you are using it for shooting competitions, for security purposes or for home defense. They call it the “Pro” for good reason, as its features make the optic unique and highly functional. The Aimpoint PRO can get full marks easily if it weighed a little lesser and if the mounting knob was either removable or smaller in size. Nevertheless, if you’re looking for an efficient optic for your gun, then you should definitely consider the Aimpoint PRO.

    QUALITY

    PRICE

    RATING

    BEST

    $$$

    4/5

    Featured Image via Amazon logo, text and banner added



    Colt 1911 Review

    Colt Model of 1911 U.S. Army

    The Colt 1911 semi-automatic pistol was created by the legendary gun maker John Browning and the gun was adopted by the U.S. Army as the standard firearm. Over a century has gone by and the same gun is still being used by the U.S. Military and has gone on to become a firm favorite with law and security enforcement officers and citizens. The Colt 1911 is one of the most iconic pistols of all times and the timeless design of 1911 is likely to live on.

    The original Colt 1911 handgun was built using the .45 ACP cartridge; however, later the design was adapted so that the gun could accommodate different types of rounds like the .40 Smith & Wesson, 9mm, 10mm, .38 Super and the .357 Magnum. Today, although there are several models, manufacturers, and sizes of the 1911, the Colt remains the gold standard.



    Colt 1911  
    Pros & Cons

    PROS

     Accuracy

     Trigger

      Slim Design and Ergonomics

      ​Power

      ​Disassembly and Reloading

      ​Reliability and Durability

      ​Customization


     

    CONS

    x  Manual slide safety lock and a grip



     



    Colt 1911

    Colt Model of 1911 U.S. Army

    Image CC4 SamLisker via Wikimedia


    Pluses of the 1911 Platform

    So, the question is, what really makes the 1911 a firm favorite of shooters? In reality, there are several factors that make the 1911 a great weapon.

    Accuracy

    The fixed barrel design, long sight radius, light trigger, and soft recoil make the 1911 quite an accurate gun. The moderate recoil and the natural aim make the Colt 1911 fairly accurate in the right hands.

    Trigger

    The 1911 is mostly a single-action pistol with some exceptions. The trigger of the Colt 1911 makes it a dream to shoot with. The trigger offers a light pull, a clean break and a fairly short reset. However, the trigger pull being so light makes it rather unsafe to carry the 1911 pistol chambered without the safety. Nevertheless, the light trigger makes the 1911 excellent for competitions, tactical training and target practice.

    Slim Design and Ergonomics

    The 1911 is a slim and sleek gun with excellent ergonomics. This makes it easier for shooters with smaller hands to grip and handle comfortably. The slim design also makes the pistol ideal for conceal carry, especially for purpose of self-defense.

    Recoil

    You may feel a bit of the recoil, although it is not very harsh and the Colt 1911 manages the recoil quite well due to its heavy weight. And, if you use a smaller round such as a 9mm, then the recoil is even lesser.

    Ease of Concealment

    The 1911 is quite heavy and big in size. However, due to its single-stack magazine, the handgun is quite slim, which makes it ideal for conceal carry and if you opt for a short barrel version like the Defender, Commander, etc., then it makes conceal carry much easier.

    Power

    Most 1911 models are chambered to use .45 ACP caliber ammunition, which is fairly powerful. The Colt 1911 is also available in 9mm and .22 LR calibers.

    Disassembly and Reloading

    Reloading the 1911 is quite simple. All you need to do is, press the button of the magazine release and the empty magazine will be dropped and you can slide a loaded magazine in place.

    The disassembly of the 1911 may, however, be a challenge for a beginner, as it is not very intuitive. However, with repeated practice, it will become much easier. You may want to keep the manual of the pistol handy for the first few times that you disassemble the gun and there are also several YouTube videos that can help you to disassemble the 1911.

    Reliability and Durability

    While the reliability of the 1911 may be a bit lacking and it is also sensitive to various kinds of ammunition, the newer models are much more reliable compared to the older versions. The 1911 is a great pistol for self-defense and the reliability of the handgun can be enhanced by a bit of customization.

    Customization

    The 1911 is among the most customizable guns and you can customize it as much as you require to. You can find accessories, add-ons, parts and spare magazines for your Colt 1911 quite easily as compared to other guns.

    While the 1911 has many pluses, it has its limitations too. The disassembly process is quite complicated than other pistols. It is fairly heavy and can hold only 7 to 8 rounds and requires at least 200-300 rounds before a 1911 starts functioning properly and is reliable. Nevertheless, the 1911 is the most popular pistol designs and is an excellent option for professional shooting competitions, as a range gun, as an SHTF sidearm and as a gun for home defense.

    Factors to Consider before Choosing the Right 1911

    If you have decided that you’re going to buy a Colt 1911, here are a few factors you should consider before you actually go out and buy one.

    Size

    There are essentially 3 basic sizes in which the 1911 is available i.e. Full Size, which is also known as Government, the Officer Size and the Commander Size.

    1. Full Size or Government Size: This is the original size and the most popular one. The pistol has a full-size frame and grip and the barrel is 5 inches. This offers excellent recoil control and balance and the 5-inch barrel offers enhanced accuracy.
    2. Commander Size: This is smaller than the Full-Size pistol. The pistol has a full-size frame but a 4-inch barrel and a shorter slide. This is a comfortable pistol which is easy to handle and is suitable for all types of applications.
    3. Officer Size: This is the smallest size with a small frame and grip and a 3” or 3.5” barrel. The small and compact size makes it ideal for concealed carry; however, it may not offer as much accuracy as the larger models.

    Caliber

    The caliber of the pistol is a very important factor to consider. You need to decide whether you need a .45 Auto which is tried and tested or if you need a caliber for higher velocity or you need something that offers a big kick suited for hunting.

    Safety

    All models have a manual slide safety lock and a grip safety to ensure that the gun is safe until it is fired. The Series 80 guns have extra protection in case the gun is dropped or the other safeties do not work. The Colt 1911 has 2 types of manual safety – standard and ambidextrous. The grip safety comprises a beavertail that helps to protect your hand from being hurt by the hammer spur and allows you to shoot comfortably.

    Sights

    The original version of the 1911 had a simple GI style sight without dots or any other aids for aiming. However, the sights have improved significantly over time and there are many types available. The 3-Dot sights are very common offering clarity and accuracy. Night sights usually contain glowing material in glass vials, also in the 3-Dot arrangement, which is best for home defense and concealed carry weapons. Some models also have rear sights which can be adjusted and are ideal for competition and target shooting.

    Light Rail

    The standard 1911 pistol does not feature a light rail, but it is available in some of the full-size and some Commander models. If you’re using your 1911 for home defense or law enforcement, then you should buy a pistol with a high-quality light and a light rail.

    Colt 1911 Models

    For a very long time, Colt was one of the very few manufacturers of the 1911 and so, there was not much competition. However now, the scenario has changed and almost every gun manufacturer has a 1911 model. Today, Colt offers several variants of the 1911. Let us look at the various Colt 1911 models.

    Colt 1991

    Developed in the year 1991, the Colt 1991 resembles the original M1911 closely, which was used in the WWI. The 1991 enables the shooters to own a traditional 1911 pistol that has been upgraded with some modern-day features. The Colt 1991 makes use of the Series 80 firing mechanism, beavertail grip, spur hammer and a solid trigger.

    The handgun features a flattened mainspring and a long trigger. On the left side, it has a regular GI style thumb safety and a grip safety that has been shortened. The 1991 features GI style fixed sights with white dots for accurate shooting. The pistol is available in a polished blue or a stainless-steel finish.

    Colt Combat Commander

    The latest model of the esteemed Colt Combat Commander is equipped with G10 grips, the beavertail grip safety and a spring recoil mechanism that is very durable, which reduces the recoil significantly. The 4.25-inch long barrel of the gun makes it ideal for conceal carry compared to the full-size gun. The Commander features a blued frame and slide, while the barrel is made of stainless steel. The gun has a classic Commander-style hammer and the pistol is available both in 9mm, as well as, .45 ACP calibers.

    Colt Combat Unit Rail Gun

    The combat rail gun model of the Colt 1911 has been designed for combat and tactical purposes. The Combat Unit Rail is equipped with a rail. The gun also sports the dual spring recoil mechanism like the Colt Combat Commander. It also has a beavertail safety grip, Novak night sights and a trigger guard which is undercut.

    The Combat Unit Rail is equipped with a 1913 Picatinny rail which allows you to attach lasers or lights to the pistol, making it perfect for the purpose of home defense. The front strap of the gun has a checkering that offers enhanced grip in slippery conditions. The gun has extended controls, national match barrel, low glare finish and slide serrations on the front and also the rear. The Combat Unit Rail is available in 9mm and .45 Auto calibers.

    Colt Competition

    The Gold Cup model was introduced by Colt, way back in the 50s as a premium target pistol and was considered as the gold standard 1911 for use in competitions. The Colt Competition 1911 was unveiled recently by Colt. The Colt Competition is available in various calibers, .38 Super, .45 ACP and 9mm and the pistol comes in 2 finishes – matte bluing and stainless steel.

    The pistol features the Series 70 firing system that makes the trigger pull very light. The blue-colored G10 grips, dual recoil spring mechanism, beavertail safety grip, Novak fiber optics sights and all the features of the Colt Competition make it an excellent pistol.

    Colt Defender

    If you are on the lookout for a 1911 pistol which is of a smaller size compared to the Colt Commander, then the Defender can be an ideal choice. With a 3-inch barrel, the Colt Defender has a shorter grip that can accommodate a magazine with a capacity of 6+1 rounds, although it can also accommodate larger 1911 magazines which will extend from the bottom of the pistol.

    The Colt Defender has a beavertail safety grip and Novak sights and comes in both stainless steel, as well as blued finishes. The pistol is available in 9mm and .45 ACP calibers.

    Colt Delta Elite

    This is a classic 10mm gun belonging to the 1911 series and the pistol is also available in a version with a rail that enables you to attach accessories. They equip both the Colt Delta Elite versions with Novak sights with white dots, an improved hammer, slide serrations offering enhanced grip, extended thumb safety, a flared and lowered ejection port which enables smooth cycling and an extended beavertail grip safety. Both the models have a 5-inch barrel and they made them from stainless-steel. They blackened the grips of the pistol and sport the Delta medallion.

    Colt Gold Cup Trophy

    As we already know, the Colt Gold Cup was produced way back in 1950 and was regarded as the smoothest and finest competition pistols ever manufactured. The Gold Cup Trophy is the latest version of the original pistol.

    In addition, the Gold Cup Trophy features a magazine well that is extended, a fiber optic front sight and a rear sight which is completely adjustable. The Gold Cup Trophy has a National Match barrel, an adjustable trigger and front and back straps with 25 LPI checkering. The pistol is available in 9mm and .45 Auto calibers and is an extremely high-quality pistol perfect for competitions.

    Colt M45A1 CQBP

    The Colt M45A1 CQBP was first used by the Marine Corps in 2012. It is essentially a Rail Gun but has a tan coating which makes it resistant to corrosion. They equip the Colt M45A1 CQBP with a 1913 Picatinny rail, G10 grips, Novak tritium night sights and dual recoil spring mechanism.

    Colt Series 70

    Also known as the Mark IV Series 70, the Colt Series 70 pistol makes use of the Series 70 firing mechanism. The exterior of the gun resembles the design of the M1911A1. The used the classic gun in the war right from the WWII to Vietnam.

    The Colt Series 70 has a much shorter trigger, a standard thumb safety and grip, basic sights and an arched housing for the mainspring. They discontinued the stainless-steel version of the Series 70 gun very recently; however, they are still producing the bled version.

    For Self-defense

    They consider the 1911 as a classic and used by the U.S. Military for several decades. The pistol has excellent ergonomics and it is available in many different calibers. However, to make it more reliable and useful for the purpose of self-defense, you may have to make some enhancements to the existing model, which may drive its price higher than it is. Nevertheless, the 1911 is a good gun to own.

    Colt has been manufacturing the 1911 much longer than any other firearm producer and has introduced several variants you can choose from. With the numerous choices available in the market, deciding on the one that is best for you may be quite a difficult task. We hope that our review has helped you understand the different Colt 1911 models available and help you in choosing your perfect gun.

    QUALITY

    PRICE

    RATING

    GREAT

    $$

    4/5

    Featured Image CC4 SamLisker via Wikimedia logo, text and banner added




    Glock 40 Review

    glock 40 features glock 23 pistol A lightweight weapon with the amazing 15-rounds capacity

    If you go out in the gun market, you’ll find people swearing by their Glocks. And why shouldn’t they? This unconventional underdog somehow managed to shatter all perceptions about guns. Especially ones pertaining to the construction and aesthetics of handguns. And should they own a Glock 40, their pride knows no bounds.

    Yes, you are right, we are talking about the plastic frame with no hammer and no safety!

    From when its story began way back in February 1980, the Glock has reigned the handgun market through its impressive design, constant innovation, and an at-par performance.

    Glock 40

    Pros & Cons

    glock 40 features glock 23 pistol A lightweight weapon with the amazing 15-rounds capacity

    Featured Image CC4 Canon67 via Wikimedia

    PROS

    CONS

    • Both strong and light at the same time
    • Combination of plastic and steel allowed the gun to weigh only twenty-three ounces
    • Reliable and easy to use
    • Average style

    So, How Did It Come About?

    Believe it or not, the Glock handguns happened due to a bit of accidental eavesdropping by Gaston Glock. Post the World War II era the Austrian Army was looking to replace the Walther P-38 guns with something different. Glock, an Austrian citizen happened to overhear this conversation between two Austrian Army colonels.

    Armed with this information, he went to the Minister of Defence and asked if his business could also offer a solution. Receiving an affirmative answer, Glock got down to business. But he knew nothing about guns. He owned a small business that produced field knives and blades for his country’s army. The closest he had been to the battlefield was when he served a few days as a conscript teenager in Wehrmacht during World War II. And that did nothing to teach him anything about guns, leave alone designing them for the benefit of an army.

    Nevertheless, Glock decided to give this a try. In order to learn the inside outs of guns, he first went and purchased some of the best pistols in the market. These included the Swiss-German Sig Sauer P220, the Czech CZ75, the Italian Beretta 92F and the P-1 which was an advanced version of the Walther P-38 already in use by the Army. These became his study material. He pondered over their every detail – how they were built and how they operated. Not only this, he went ahead and researched extensively. Spending hours with firearms specialists, understanding what they would want in a modern handgun.

    The Target

    Glock had his work cut out for him – the Austrian Army knew exactly what it wanted – a high ammunition capacity pistol, significantly more rounds than the eight offered by the Walther P-38, weighed below twenty-eight ounces, had a streamlined design and a consistent, light trigger. All of this packed in under 40 parts.

    After spending a year researching and developing, Glock finally filed for a patent for his pistol design on 30th April 1981. On 19th May 1982, he presented his first four test pistols to the Austrian Army for review. This marked the birth of the very first Glock pistol, the Glock 17.

    The pistol was tested extensively and measured perfectly by all standards. The army accepted it into service and ordered a contract of 20,000 more such pistols from Glock. 

    Know a Glock

    The Glock 17 was a game changer in the handguns industry. It is both strong and light at the same time. Made of a polymer frame, its lower half houses a steel fire control group. Its upper half is a unified body of steel. This combination of plastic and steel allowed the gun to weigh only twenty-three ounces, well below the weight required by the Army.

    This also knocked out the other competitors Beretta 92F and the CZ75 that was made entirely of a steel frame. Further, Glock simplified the built of the gun, making it out of just thirty-four parts - nearly half of what the Beretta’s 92F pistol had.

    Pointability

    A key area of focus in Glock’s research was the pistol’s “pointability,”. This refers to the weapons’ ability to work as natural extensions of the hand and eye coordination of the shooter. This is a significant contributor towards the weapon’s ease of aiming and hence the user-friendliness and accuracy.

    This focus towards reliability and ease of use helped Glock create a weapon that was not only beautifully designed but also high on performance. So high that in a competition of ten thousand rounds his pistol failed only once.

    The Glock 17 was one of the first pistols with a capacity as high as 17. Only one amongst the others in the market could only come up to a short fifteen and the next one could do 13. The Glock 17’s capacity more than doubled the P-38’s capacity in chambering 17 rounds of seventeen rounds of nine-millimeter parabellum ammo.

    Safe Action Trigger

    Another big Easter egg in the Glock is the safe action trigger. Most handguns have a safety key that needs to be on or off to ensure that firearm does not discharge accidentally. Glock did away with the old mechanism of the safety which had the key externally on the weapon’s body and had to be maneuvered to lock or unlock. Instead, he introduced an inbuilt mechanism with a two-piece trigger that worked as the safety without the manual key. It has a big trigger and a small trigger. And the gun fires only when both the triggers are pulled, essentially turning it into a fast action point-and-shoot gun that was much appreciated by the law enforcement agencies.

    Around the World

    With all its amazing features, innovation and ease of use, it is no wonder that the Glock 40 has dominated the market since its introduction nearly four decades ago. It has razed its competition time and again and is used by armed forces and law enforcement agencies across the world including the British Armed Forces, the Iraqi military, the Israeli Defense Forces, the Indian Special Forces, the Yemeni military, the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command and Army Rangers.

    While Glock was designing and producing his gun for the Austrian Army, the American police officers were being overpowered by criminals. The feeling that their weapon — the classic Smith & Wesson .38-caliber revolver — that they’d been using for three-quarters of a century was now inadequate was growing stronger. An FBI shootout with some bank robbers in Miami in 1986 drove the message home and they knew that they needed a more advanced weapon. At that time, Gaston Glock’s innovation came about as an answer to their prayers. And the Glock 40 quickly became a popular weapon amongst the US lawmen and civilian bodies that adopted the gun culture.

    The Glock Experience

    The Glock 40 is a feature-packed gun that beats all other guns hands down across all categories — innovation, styling, performance and ease of use. But how does it feel to use it?

    The Glock 40 requires some experience and expectation when shooting since its trigger needs some effort and the accuracy needs some practice and getting used to. Its plastic frame requires that the user maintain a firm and strong grip to help it absorb the force of firing.

    Other than that, the gun is extremely reliable and works perfectly fine in adverse conditions too making it a good choice for home and self-defense.

    The Target

    The Glock has an impressive range of pistols for every objective out there — law enforcement, shooting, hunting, first buy, self-defense, etc. They are available in different sizes, different power, and different caliber. Their smallest is the Model 42. It is a part of their Slimline collection and is a single stack handgun compatible with 380 ACP. Their larger guns include 17L, 34, 41 and 40 with the 40 being probably their most powerful handgun. Its specs make the ballistics of the cartridge comparable to the Magnum revolver.

    The full-size Model 17 in 9mm and 22 in 40 S&W, the compact Model 19 in 9mm and 23 in 40 S&W and subcompact Model 26 in 9mm and 27 in 40 S&W are some of their most popular guns representing their respective size brackets. 

    The Glock 40

    The Glock 40 have been one of the most loved Glocks of all times. They have a .40 S&W caliber and are surprisingly similar to the 9mm models. what makes a difference is not the size but the number of rounds these guns can hold. Here’s a lineup of the best Glock 40 to celebrate the genius in each of the models.

    The Glock 22

    Introduced in 1990, the Glock 22 is a full-sized gun. Its reliability and competence made it the weapon of choice for many government agencies and police forces.

    SPECS:

  • Category: Full size
  • Caliber: .40 S&W
  • Rounds Capacity: 15
  • Weight: 22.9 ounce
  • Length: 7.3″
  • Height: 5.4″
  • Width: 1.18″
  • Barrel: 4.5″
  • Trigger: Striker Fired
  • If you want the features of the 22 with more comfort and ease of use, its Gen 4 model can offer it to you. It has a better grip, a backstrap that helped adjust the thickness of the grip and a dual recoil spring that increased the longevity of the gun as compared to the Glock 22. It also had a magazine release that could be changed for left or right-handed shooters.

    When Should You Buy It

    Buy the Glock 22 of its Gen 4 is you are looking for the full-size gun which has been tested in fast-paced environments for its performance, speed, durability, and safety.

    Glock 23 — Compact

    A lightweight weapon with the amazing 15-rounds capacity. Backed by the experience of the police force, its a compact version of the .40 caliber.

    SPECS:

    • Category: Compact
    • Caliber: .40 S&W
    • Rounds Capacity: 13
    • Weight:  21.2 oz
    • Length: 6.9″
    • Height: 5.0″
    • Width: 1.18″
    • Barrel: 4.0″
    • Trigger: Striker Fired

    The gen 4 of the Model 23 adds to the proven features of the former model a texture, a modular back strap and a dual recoil spring. It also lets you add a light or other add-ons if needed.

    When Should You Buy It

    The Model 23 and it's Gen 4 is perfect for those who have small hands or need a concealable model.

    Glock 24

    Also called as the Long Slide, this gun comes with a longer barrel than the typical handguns of its size. the long barrel helps to enhance accuracy and hence, the gun is a popular one in competition shooting. The gun has a longer barrel but its magazine capacity is smaller than the average compact Glocks.

    Specs

    • Category: Full size
    • Caliber: .40 S&W
    • Rounds Capacity: 15
    • Weight:  26.7 oz
    • Length: 8.9″
    • Height: 5.4″
    • Width: 1.18″
    • Barrel: 6.0″
    • Trigger Type: Striker Fired

    When Should You Buy It

    Its long barrel makes it a good weapon with enhanced accuracy for competition shooting. Despite its barrel, the weapon is easy to carry on you daily.

    Glock 27 — Subcompact

    The subcompact Glock 27 is smaller than the compact guns. Often carried as a backup weapon by the police, its small size can be deceiving as it still packs a punch. the subcompact of the group. It has a capacity of 9+1 and is a popular weapon amongst civilians.

    A Gen 4 model with the backstrap, texture and dual recoil spring is also available for this model.

    Specs

    • Category: Sub-compact
    • Caliber: .40 S&W
    • Rounds Capacity: 9
    • Weight:  19.8 oz
    • Length: 6.3″
    • Height: 4.2″
    • Width: 1.18″
    • Barrel: 3.5″
    • Trigger Type: Striker Fired

    When Should You Buy It

    A hard hitter, this weapon is a small but powerful one that is concealable and easy to carry as a backup weapon.

    Glock 35 — Competition

    Again a favorite for competition shooters, the Glock 35 has a longer slide making it a good partner in competition shooting in the .40 caliber.

    Its Gen 4 model offers the same upgrades as other Gen 4 models except this one has a MOS (Modular Optic System) that lets you add a reflex optic to the firearm without having to machine the optic to the side.

    Specs

    • Category: Full-size
    • Caliber: .40 S&W
    • Rounds Capacity: 15
    • Weight:  24.5 oz
    • Length: 8.1″
    • Height: 5.4″
    • Width: 1.18″
    • Barrel: 5.3″

    When Should You Buy It

    The Gen 4 option of the model 35 is the only version with the MOS configuration in this caliber.

    The Final Shot

    With the wide range of great models it has, zeroing in on your Glock 40 can be difficult. But the good part is that there is no bad Glock 40. No matter which one you end up buying, it is never going to let you down.

    QUALITY

    PRICE

    RATING

    BEST

    $$$

    5/5

    Featured Image CC4 Canon67 via Wikimedia logo, text and banner added



    300 Blackout Ammo Review, History And Specifications

    300 Blackout Ammo Review

    Price: $ (approximately, for a box of 20). Available on SGAmmo.com

    remington ammo

    Pros

    • Check Circle
      Great with a suppressor
    • Check Circle
      Great performance with a short barrel rifle

    Cons

    • ban
      Relatively expensive
    • ban
      List Element

    Summary:  The 300 Blackout is a great round when it comes to short-range and big game shooting.

    Manufacturer: Advanced Armament Corporation/Remington Defense

    AAC

    Designed for the AR platform, the 300 Blackout came out at a time when the existing 5.56x45mm ammunition was facing backlash for being too underpowered compared with what the enemy was using and for being too loud. Previously, other manufacturers had tried to compensate for these drawbacks by promoting their own products, namely the 6.5mm Grendel and the 300 Whisper, but they fell short of expectations.

    Originally designed to replace the MP5SSD (a sub-machine gun with an integral suppressor, favorite with the special forces around the world), the 300 Blackout claims to have overcome the problems the 5.56 round has, that is, low power and noise. The new rounds are compatible with the AR platform (predominantly AR-15 and the M4) and as a result, a delight for the consumer market as well. 

    The AR-15, as we have covered in a previous article, is the most popular sporting rifle in the United States, owing to its high customization and versatility.

    History

    The manufacturers (AAC) went to the drawing board after the demand to shoot a .30 caliber bullet with an M4 without making too many changes to the existing gun, was raised. Attempts had been already made to achieve the same by some manufacturers, but with varying, if not completely disastrous results. The 9mm and 7.65mm rounds have been in existence and in use by the armed forces for a long time, but they (the armed forces) were somewhat dissatisfied with the performance based on specific conditions.

    They could not use the existing products, because of the many restrictions that they may have encountered. They also had a set of specific instructions: a weapon that can shoot both supersonic and subsonic rounds and had a muzzle velocity larger than or equal to the AK-47, packed a punch and used the same magazines and a short barrel.

    The result was the 300 AAC Blackout. Gun enthusiasts took to it because they could shoot a larger bullet with their existing AR-15 or variants thereof, and all it took was a quick switch of the upper receiver. What was more, they didn’t even have to change the magazine!

    Specifications

    Anatomy

    Bullet

    Owing to the popularity and customizability of the AR platform, it was felt that the rifle needed ammo that would complement its awesome power and versatility. The 5.56mm ammunition was doing its job perfectly, but it was found that it was too loud and produced a somewhat large fireball as the bullet exited the barrel. 

    • Diameter: 0.308 inches
    • Rifling Twist: 1:7
    • Propellant: 208 grain
    • Velocity Range: 2,215 - 2350 fps
    • Maximum Pressure: 55,000psi
    • Case Length: 1.368 inches 

    Ballistics

    ballistics

    The 300 Blackout provides excellent ballistics for a cartridge designed with short range in mind. Simply put, it was created by working on a 5.56mm cartridge, trimming, stretching out and filling it with an appropriate bullet weighing 110 to 120 grain. Oh, and let’s not forget the fast-burning powder.

    When fired from a 9-inch barrel with this configuration, it performs well in both super and subsonic conditions and will burn the powder completely. This will result in negligible muzzle flash.

    • Range: 300 yards
    • Recoil: 9 lbs

    The Blackout also has a lower velocity because it is a bit clunky when compared with the 5.56, so that makes it excellent over shorter ranges, say about 100-150 yards while hunting. Anything above that and the bullet starts dropping.

    The Blackout performs admirably well in both super and subsonic conditions. Supersonic bullets break the sound barrier (ammunition traveling faster than 1,126 feet per second). Gun enthusiasts have warned against using them with supersonic ammunition (especially during hunting), since such ammo creates a sonic boom, and in such a scenario, using a silencer would be pointless.

    On the other hand, subsonic ammunition (ammunition traveling slower than 1,126 feet per second) would not create a sonic boom, and hence is ideal for being used with a silenced weapon, in addition to producing less recoil. Also, the powder used in such ammunition has less flash, so as to not interfere with the user’s night vision.

    These qualities make the subsonic ammunition great for use in either home defense or stealth operations. 

    Design

    Gun design

    In flight, the 5.56 is much flatter, when compared with the Blackout because of its faster velocity. At the same time, the Blackout performs with elan when it comes to shooting with a 9-inch barrel, making it a much better choice for hunting.

    Counterpart Comparison

    Let’s take a look at how the Blackout has performed over the 5.56mm or the 223:

    Price

    The 5.56 is available readily, has been around for decades and in many variants and is more suitable for precision rifle firing. The Blackout, on the other hand, is preferable for big game over short distances. At the same time, the ample availability of the 5.56 makes it much cheaper to use if you are a regular shooter.

    Recoil

    There is no clear winner here. If you are shooting supersonic ammunition, the Blackout’s recoil nearly doubles. The recoil drops a little when are firing the subsonic rounds. At the same time, if you combine this with a short barrel and a suppressor, the recoil is negligible and makes for comfortable shooting.

    Accuracy

    So, what kind of accuracy should you expect from a Blackout-equipped weapon? When it comes to up to 100 yards while hunting, the Blackout is accurate enough, but it is not recommended for competitive shooting, owing to its heavier load.

    Guns That Chamber The .300 Blackout

    These are some of the rifles that are chambered to shoot the Blackout. Of course, topping the list are the ones from the AR series, owing to their popularity:

    Bushmaster AAC 300 Blackout

    Bushmaster AAC 300 Blackout

    This good-looking weapon, which is styled after an AR-15 is a performer as well. It comes with a collapsible stock and both the receivers are Teflon coated. It comes equipped with a flash suppressor and a 30-round clip (from some gun sellers).  It also features threading for muzzle devices and has a flat top sight. It’s one of the most popular guns to chamber the 300 Blackout. 

    DPMS RFA3-300SR

    DPMS RFA3-300SR

    This is another AR-15 style rifle that features a modular handguard, and an AAC suppressor adapter and is optics ready, with no iron sights . The barrel length is about 16 inches and is chrome lined and the stock is collapsible. It works on a direct-impingement system as most AR-15 rifles and has a modular handguard, which is fast becoming a regular feature on guns in this category.

    Smith&Wesson M&P15

    Smith&Wesson M&P15

    Yet another AR-15 rifle that uses the Blackout’s potential to its fullest, be it super or subsonic ammunition. Billed as the “varmint killer”, the rifle offers low recoil and less muzzle flash than its counterparts. The weapon has a 10-round capacity, a forward assist and will operate with or without a muzzle suppressor. The firing pin is plated with chrome. It is an incredibly versatile gun that is especially good to take out with you for a hunt.

    YHM Spector Diamond

    YHM Spector Diamond

    This rifle comes with telescopic stock and phantom flash suppressor. The package includes a high-capacity magazine. It is lightweight, thanks to its diamond-shaped heat vents, comes in a matte black finish and has flip up front and rear sights. This weapon is aimed for those in the law enforcement because of its weight and quick deployment.  

    AAC Model Seven

    AAC Model Seven

    A “baby” version of the Remington 700 action, the AAC Model Seven is lightweight and is threaded with an AAC barrel. This is a bold-action rifle with a 3-round capacity, the polymer stock is filled with glass (for reduced weight) and has an adjustable cheek piece. Comes in a black finish and a thread protector.

    Pros

    • Projectile Choices: It has a much wider range than its counterparts
    • Full Potential: It is a superior choice for hunting bigger game
    • Versatility: Both super and subsonic ammunition can be used without any modification
    • Magazines: Uses standard AR-15 magazines

    Cons

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      Cost: Ammunition is not easy to find, expensive
    • ban
      Overall cost increases with the addition of suppressors
    • ban
      All that superior power is lost if all you are doing is hitting stationary targets

    .300 Blackout Applications

    Self/Home Defense

    Since the Blackout is designed to be used with a suppressor and a shorter barrel, it is perfect for home defense in this scenario. Having a short barrel on your weapon would mean easier maneuverability and a suppressor would mean less flash and low noise.

    On the other hand, the Blackout packs in too much of a punch and has superior barrier penetration. That effectively means that if you live in an apartment, the ammunition will tear through walls and could find itself either inside a neighbor’s house or even beyond that. So it becomes a concern when it comes to passerby safety.

    Hunting

    Any hunt has a likelihood of more success if the hunter is mindful of the limitations and capabilities of the ammunition in use. After all, hunting was not the Blackout’s intended purpose. Blog after blog has both noted the advantages and the shortcomings of the Blackout while hunting.

    Having said that, if it is vermin and small animals you are looking to hunt from a short to mid-range, you should stick to the 5.56mm ammunition, for the simple fact that it is available in abundance.

    On the other hand, if you are looking to hunt bigger game such as hogs or say, small bears, the Blackout works like a charm. This is for the simple reason that these animals are bigger and hence provide more mass to shoot at, and at a range of around 100 yards, you are likely to get your prize kill.

    Some of these species include:

    • Small bears
    • Prairie dogs
    • Bull elk
    • Hogs
    • Coyotes
    • Bobcats (in some cases)

    Target Shooting

    Target shooting with the Blackout is generally frowned upon, simply because the ammunition is expensive. For this purpose, a cheaper alternative such as 5.56 ammunition is recommended because of easy availability and much lower price.

    If you still want to use it for picking off stationary targets though and money is not an issue, go for it!

    Military Applications

    Recently, Netherland’s Maritime Special Forces were in the news for buying Sig Saur MCX rifles chambered in the .300 Blackout, making it the first public adoption of the cartridge. What makes it interesting is that these cartridges are not NATO specified. The US special forces might not be far behind, but there is no official announcement on the same.

    Conclusion

    There had been great demand for cartridges that offer greater power than the 5.56mm among AR-15 users. Though quite a lot of manufacturers have come out with their versions, the Blackout seems to have gained popularity among shooters because of its performance with an AR model. Its compatibility with the AR-15 makes it an incredible purchase for any AR-15 gun owner.

    Also, the ability to switch between super and subsonic rounds is the added bonus gun enthusiasts had been looking for. The fact that not much modification to the AR-15 is needed to be able to use the cartridge has also sent a cheer among shooters.

    All said and done, one should weigh their pros and cons before switching over to the .300 Blackout, since it does not come cheap, and it would be a waste using this just to punch holes in a paper target.

     

    6.55mm Creedmoore Review

    6.5 creedmoor ammunition review in different sizes

    Introduced in 2007 by Hornady, the 6.5 Creedmoor cartridge had a slow start, appearing in rifle shooting competitions, and gained recognition for its low recoil (significantly so, compared to other cartridges in its category). This was seen as risky by some because 6.5mm cartridges were not really considered seriously by most shooters in the United States.

    Ironically, 6.5mm cartridges have long existed in the European market, but weren’t as popular in America because of the lack of availability and interest, since American shooters were already used to the .308s and .264s.

    As had been witnessed before, some great 6.5mm cartridges that were in the market — the 6.5 Remington Magnum, and the .264 Winchester Magnum (to name a few), didn’t do so well in the gun market. So it is a pleasant surprise for the manufacturers that the shooting world is finally sitting up and take notice of this “new” and “hot” cartridge.



    6.55mm Creedmoore  
    Pros & Cons

    PROS

     ​Very Low Recoil: The low weight of the bullet

     ​Versatility: The round can be used both in competitions and hunting

     Accuracy: This is the most accurate round in its category

     Improved Ballistics: The bullet’s flight time is reduced

     

    CONS

    X Cost: The price of this round is more than its counterparts such as the .308 Winchester

    X Shorter barrel life




     


    6.55mm Creedmoore

    6.5 creedmoor ammunition in different sizes

    Featured Image CC4 Hellbus via Wikimedia l

    Price:   Available on SGAmmo.com
    Summary:  The 6.5mm Creedmoor shoots extremely well at long ranges and is swaying long-time shooters as well.
    Manufacturer:  Hornady

    History

    One would think a lot of years would have gone into the development of the 6.5 Creedmoor. But how it came about is actually an interesting story. The cartridge was born out of a discussion between a top-notch shooter (Dennis DeMille) and his ballistician friend (Dave Emary, Hornady) at a championship. The two friends were discussing the shortcomings of the modern-day rounds, and were ‘shooting’ ideas back and forth.

    The discussion was about how the current cartridges in the market were not up to the mark and were causing dissatisfaction among shooters for their below average performance.

    Emary was convinced and started work on the new cartridge when he went back. The year was 2005. After a few back-and-forth sessions, the new cartridge was launched as the 6.5 Creedmoor at a show in 2007. Then, no one had realized the popularity that the new entrant would gain among not only competition shooters, but big/small game hunters because of its superior ballistics, easy availability and competitive pricing.

    Specifications

    Anatomy


    The 6.5mm is not a new round. It has been around for the last 125 plus years by the Norwegian and Swedish armies. Years later, competitive shooters would discover this accurate and powerful round which offered lesser recoil over other calibers, and hence a new market came to exist.

    Diameter: 0.473 inches

    Cartridge Length: 2.825 inches

    Propellent: 44.74 grain

    Velocity Range: 2,940 - 2,665 fps

    Maximum Pressure: 62,000psi

    Case Length: 1.92 inches

    Ballistics

    The 6.5 Creedmoor provides excellent ballistics for a cartridge considering it is a long range in mind. Apart from its low recoil feature, the 6.5 Creedmoor offers wind deflection: the great ballistic coefficient makes short work of slip air resistance, making it carry most of its power towards the target.

    Some long-range shooting enthusiasts have reported shooting a milk jug from a distance of as long as 1 mile! This may seem too far-fetched, but anything close to this is also hugely impressive! Several magazines and shooters have held tests comparing the 6.5 Creedmoor to the .243 and the .308 Winchester, and have found that the 6.5 Creedmooralways performs better than the two.

    The Creedmoor has outperformed most of its counterparts and it has found that not only does it perform admirably when it comes to wind drift, it also has less recoil, making it much easier to shoot. Many shooters have noted that the .308 does not perform well at distances over 700 yards, though it still remains a top choice.

    Customizability

    Because of its shorter length (2.85 inches), it can be chambered for short rifles and those with the AR-10 rifle with no problem at all. Countless other custom gun manufacturers have also followed suit and are producing rifles chambered for this cartridge. The one reason being touted for this superior performance that the Creedmoor has less taper than its counterparts.

    Also, customizing also offers total control over the gun’s configuration, for example, the barrel length.

    What’s more, is that Hornaday doesn’t just stop at factory-produced cartridges. Each 6.5 Creedmoor box comes with a recipe to make your own cartridge, for those who like to make their own by hand. The company also offers up to 10 loads for the cartridge.

    Design

    The great thing about the Creedmoor’s less recoil is that shooters can consistently find their target in the viewfinder quickly. That is an application that the United States military is looking at and we will be covering it later in this article.

    Also, less recoil, in this case, doesn’t mean less power. In comparison, it has been found that the Creedmoor follows the .308’s trajectory almost identically. If one was to summarize the Creedmoor’s performance in a word, it would be “efficient”.

    Counterpart Comparison

    Let’s take a look at how the Creedmoor has perform against its immediate competitor, the Winchester .308:

    Recoil

    The Creedmoor wins easily. Though the Winchester may pack more punch, its recoil as explaine as somewhat excessive, whereas with the Creedmoor, it has been one of its selling points.

    Accuracy

    The Creedmoor shoots flatter and has (less) better wind handling. Also, it has been found to be accurate nearly every time, in particular, from a distance.

    Availability

    The ammunition and weapons available in Creedmoor are more expensive when compared with the Winchester in similar categories. This could be a downside for many. But the plus here is that the Creedmoor is abundantly available!

    Guns That Chamber the 6.5 Creedmoor

    Naturally, with the Creedmoor’s rising popularity, gun manufacturers took notice and started chambering some of their rifles with this caliber. We are listing some of these below for you:

    Ruger Hawkeye FTW Hunter

    Ruger was one of the first manufacturers to chamber guns for the Creedmoor. Available in seven different calibers, the Hawkeye FTW Hunter is a gun for the left-handed and is a bolt-action hunting rifle. It comes in a threaded barrel and holds a capacity of 4 rounds. The rifle has a wooden stock and offers ease in cleaning and durability.

    Seekins Precision Havak Bolt Action Rifle

    Made by a manufacturer that specializes in AR models, this product offers excellent quality and rugged good looks. It comes with a removable box magazine and the muzzle comes threaded for a suppressor.

    Kimber Hunter Rifle

    This weapon comes in a polymer stock and offers a satin steel barrel finish and an adjustable trigger. It holds a capacity of 4 rounds and a detachable magazine for easy and quick loading. The suggested use ranges from varmint to predators and deer.

    S&W M&P 10

    The M&P 10 offers a 10-round clip (+1), has a two-stage match trigger, is semi-automatic and ambidextrous so both right and left-handed shooters will be comfortable with it. This is an AR-type rifle that will perform equally well while hunting or in competitive shooting as well as personal defense.

    Savage 10BA Stealth

    This bolt-action rifle offers a 5-round capacity, adjustable trigger and comes in matte black color. This rifle is for the left-handed and has a sleek design and has a tactical look and feel. The buttstock is shock absorbing and the muzzle comes threaded with a protector.

    Pricing

    The Creedmoor’s pricing is competitive and is available at a price range of $28 - $32 for a box of 20 (at a price of about $1.60 per round). Buying these in larger boxes greatly reduces the price (some websites have priced it as low as 70 cents per round).

    What Is This Being Used For?

    Precision Rifle Shooting

    As we know by now, the Creedmoor started its life as ammunition for precision-rifle shooters. It had a slow start, but quickly gained popularity through word-of-mouth and suddenly everyone wanted a rifle chambered in Creedmoor 6.5.

    With a round like the Creedmoor, long-range shooting feels like a breeze, even for the novice, because fewer adjustments have to be made to the gun.

    Hunting

    Long-time shooters have argued that .260 Remington and the 6.55 Creedmoor almost run side by side when compared. But the fact is, that where the .20 Remington lacks, the Creedmoor excels. In the shooting world, the Remington has been well known, whereas comparatively, the Creedmoor is a late entrant.

    People who have just entered competitive shooting will find it much easier to adapt to the long range, low recoil Creedmoor when compared with the already existing .308 Winchester and the Remington. As a result, hunters were quick to note the many benefits of switching to the Creedmoor. The other two have been popular with those who reload their own.

    More recently, the Creedmoor has come neck to neck with the .308 in big game hunting in North America, owing to its all-around flatter trajectory and less recoil. These species include:

    1. Coyotes
    2. Mountain goats
    3. Feral hogs
    4. Elk
    5. Antelope
    6. White-tail deer

    As a result, manufacturers have started producing 6.5 Creedmoor ammunition in the “big game flavor” as well.  Though typically not considered the “hunting caliber”, hunters have reported excellent results while shooting big game with these Creedmoor variants. Many hunters have claimed to drop big game over a large distance with the Creedmoor, and there are glowing commendations on various blogs on the internet.

    Armed Forces Take Interest

    In a previous article, we had briefly discussed how the United States military is looking to replace its main rifle, the M16, and is looking for a replacement weapon and as a result, looking at new ammunition as well.

    Not surprisingly, the popularity of the Creedmoor has not escaped the army. The first thing that comes to mind when you wonder why this “upstart” is even being considered by the military, is probably its long range. The second thing that pops up is, of course, the reduced recoil.

    More recently, the United States Special Operations Command has switched to the 6.5 Creedmoor, replacing their more standard, 7.62mm ammunition. There are also talks that the army is also looking for a new gun to go with this ammunition.

    Tests concluded by SOCOM officials in 2017 demonstrated that the Creedmoor had a much longer effective range than the existing 7.62mm round, reduced recoil and wind drift. SOCOM has been known for moving with the times and keeping in touch with advancements in modern warfare. The casing on both the Creedmoor and the 7.62 is the same, so it essentially means that in case it comes to a conversion, only the barrel needs to be changed because both rounds use the same magazine. This will save costs, and most importantly, time.

    Conclusion

    For those looking for precision shooting, the 6.5 Creedmoor has a ballistic advantage over the .308 and hence it performs better. For those who spend a long time at the shooting range, this cartridge is recommended because of its low recoil and in general opinion, a fair price for the experience.

    Out of the shooting range and if you decide to go hunting, this is a good alternative to other available options. Hunters across the spectrum have given their verdict and it is proven that the Creedmoor can take out a target at 500 yards.

    The biggest advantage? What is not to like about the 6.5 Creedmoor when you can use it both for hunting and at the range, use it in other modern firearms, it does not falter at long ranges and offers much less recoil than other options available in the same category! Also, the rifles chambered in the Creedmoor are easy to shoot.

    The battle between the 6.5 Creedmoor and its counterparts is far from over, but one thing is clear — the Creedmoor is here to stay for a long, long time.


    QUALITY

    PRICE

    RATING

    BEST

    $$

    4/5

     

    Featured Image CC0 Meketrefe via Pixabay logo, text and banner added

    357 Magnum Review

    • List Element
    • List Element
    • List Element
    357 magnum silver full review

    Simply put, the 357 Magnum is the most powerful handgun of its time. It was made for the .357 Magnum cartridge which, has a bullet diameter of .357 inches. But the history behind the birth of this gun takes it far far away from anything simple, plain and boring.

    357 Magnum

    Pros & Cons

    357 magnum in silver

    Image 357 Magnum CC0 Public Domain Sam Bourland

    PROS

    CONS

    • Can fire one of the most powerful cartridges
    • Available in a range of variants that can take care of all your concerns
    • Great for new gun users who want to learn to shoot and improve their aim
    • Only 6 rounds compared to many autos


    The Birth of the 357 Magnum

    To understand the 357 Magnum as a weapon, first, we need to understand the magnificent cartridge 357 Magnum and how its need made way for the ultimate handgun of the 20th century.

    The .357 cartridge started the Magnum Era. Its introduction in the year 1934 made way for a range of power packed large-sized cartridges for both — handguns and rifles. Though the cartridge itself came about in 1934, its roots go back to the .38 Long Colt.

    Till the year 1898, the .38 Long Colt had been used as the military firepower of choice. But it was found failing during the Philippine-American war as it was not enough to combat the charges of the attacking army. Hence, the .38 Special with its larger case was introduced by Smith & Wesson. It soon became a favorite of the law enforcement agencies and was the standard service cartridge. Its popularity also made it the common sidearm during the World War 1.

    Evolution

    By the 1920s and 1930s, the gangster era had evolved. Criminals had access to bulletproof vests and used high-speed getaway cars to flee from crime scenes. Additionally, they were not afraid to use the Thompson submachine gun and the Browning BAR to discourage pursuers.

    The law agencies found themselves defenseless against such high-power weapons. The .38 Special could not penetrate automobile doors or the protective vests worn by the gunmen.

    Colt stepped up to this problem and introduced the .38 Super to be used with its semi-automatic pistol, 1911. The .38 Super carried more pressure and power and had a higher velocity that enabled it to penetrate car door and the bulletproof vests that the criminals wore. Many saw this as Colt’s bid to expand its business from military to law enforcement, which was till now Smith & Wesson’s turf.

    Finally, in order to defend its position, Smith & Wesson created the ultimate cartridge for power and protection — the .357 Magnum.

    The Birth of the 357 Magnum

    Designed by avid hunter and experimenter Elmer Keith, the .357 Magnum is an advanced variation of the .38 Special. Joseph Wesson from Smith & Wesson evolved its design and Phillip B Sharp who was a member of the National Rifle Association’s  Technical Division helped with the technical aspects of the cartridge.

    The trio began with a large frame revolver called the N frame revolver that could accommodate a .44 caliber cartridge. They rebarreled and rechambered the gun for a .38 special cartridge. This made the gun extremely strong and able to fire a high-powered cartridge. From here they kept testing and increasing the power of the .38 cartridge till it was twice as powerful as before.

    Size and Appearance

    However, the experimental .357 Magnum and the .38 Special were both identical in size and appearance. Hence, it would be easy for anybody to load a .357 Magnum into a .38 Special revolver. But the weapon would not be able to withstand the impact of the high powered cartridge and could result in disastrous situations. Thus, to differentiate the two cartridges, Smith & Wesson slightly extended the case of the .357 Magnum to 33mm from the original 29.3mm in the .38 Special cartridge. This would make it impossible to load the bigger .357 into a revolver not made to withstand the pressure of the cartridge.

    Making Its Impact

    To make sure that the gun was well introduced to the law enforcement agencies, Smith & Wesson presented the first ever 357 Magnum revolver — Model 27 or the Registered Magnum — to the then FBI director J. Edgar Hoover with Registration number 1.

    They introduced the 357 Magnum as “the most powerful gun ever”. It was made on Smith & Wesson’s large N frame made of and available with 3 1⁄2", 4", 5", 6" or 8 3⁄8" barrel lengths and adjustable sights.

    Manufacturers

    The gun manufacturer wanted to strengthen their foothold with the law enforcement agencies and with this gun and cartridge they did do so. The FBI ordered guns with barrel sizes 3.5, 4 and 5 inches. The fact that the gun was customizable as per buyer request, also made it extremely popular.

    The lawmen were already comfortable with Smith & Wesson products and now with the huge ballistic leap that the .357 Magnum cartridge took, they naturally adopted the handgun as their firearm, even as their personal weapon. Many of them even used the versatile 357 Magnum revolver but loaded it only with the .38 Special.

    Why Is the 357 Magnum so Special

    What’s not to like? A handgun that can fire one of the most powerful cartridges and is available in a range of variants that can take care of all your concerns — the 357 Magnum is definitely a success story.

    But the true beauty of the 357 is in their versatility. You can chamber .38 Special cartridges in any 357 Magnum gun. As well as the power-packed .357, allowing your handgun to turn from a good weapon to a fantastic one.

    It is also great for new gun users who want to learn to shoot and improve their aim. The recoil in a .38 Special is less and the cartridge is also much cheaper than the .357, making it easy for new users to get used to the gun and how it works.

    Stoppage Power

    The stoppage power of the .357 cartridge has been loved by one and all — law enforcement to game hunters. Many a deer have been known to drop in one shot — the .357 cartridge can handle pretty much everything up to a brown bear, making it a great partner for outdoor adventurists.

    The 357 Magnum has been the most popular and effective handgun of all times. Its popularity has hardly dwindled over the years. Due to its popularity, it has a large number of variants with different size, weight, barrel length and finishes. Though it makes the gun a piece to marvel over, choosing one such piece to own it may be difficult. But we’ve made it simpler for you with a pick of some of its best variants.

    The Best Gun Variants

     for the .357 Magnum Cartridge

    Small but powerful, this little gun has an exposed hammer and an underlug barrel of 2.25 inches. Made from a durable synthetic material, the grip is classy black and makes using the gun very easy. Made using stainless steel, the gun is sturdy with enough weight to reduce the recoil. Still, with the weight, it is compact in size and easy to carry as a concealed weapon.

    Ruger Model SP-101

    This is a medium fame stainless steel gun with adjustable rear sight and ramp from sight. The gun comes with a 4-inch underlug barrel. It is a solid gun with enough weight to reduce the recoil on firing a .357 magnum. The gun is easy to take apart and clean by yourself without any special tools. It has a transfer bar mechanism, which is a great safety lock.

    Colt .357 Magnum Trooper MK III Series

    A nickel-body medium-framed gun, this one isn’t the best choice if you want to operate from a hidden vantage point. The nickel reflects light and can take away your element of surprise. The gun comes equipped with a ramp front sight, rear adjustable sight and has an exposed hammer.

    Model 5033 Ruger Redhawk .357 Magnum

    Made using high-grade stainless steel, the Redhawk has an eight-shot barrel and 2.75-inch barrel. Its sturdy build and heavyweight are made to withstand the impact of firing a heavy duty cartridge. An 8-round moon clip helps with faster reloading. The gun has a light recoil which makes it easy to fire continuous shots.

    Smith & Wesson Model 627 Pro Series

    One of the best large frame revolvers, this is an N frame gun with a large trigger and hammer. It has a custom 5-inch underlug barrel and an 8-shot chamber. The gun is already high on its style quotient with an 8-round fluted cylinder, the choice of wood or black synthetic grips makes it even more so. An 8-round moon clip makes it faster to load the gun. It comes with a gold bead front sight and an adjustable rear sight.

    Taurus 608 357 Magnum

    This is an impressive gun, especially for long-time users. Built for durability the gun is made using stainless steel, an integrated hammer and a comfortable rubber grip. Even with continuous shots, the gun is easy to handle and use. It has the impressive Taurus system of locking for safety which includes a key to stop the gun from firing. And the mechanism is built into the gun, so the key is never lost. High on accuracy and reliability, the gun also scores for its aesthetics with a slim build that accommodates eight rounds.

    Taurus 605 Protector Polymer 

    Backed by Taurus, this is one of the best high-performance guns in a reinforced polymer frame that can also be carried in a shoulder holster. The trigger is on the harder side but a rubber grip that makes it easy to carry and use the weapon extensively makes up for it. The recoil in the gun is minimized and makes it easier to control the gun. If you are looking for a reasonably priced compact gun with superb accuracy, the Taurus 605 is a good one to go for.

    Desert Eagle .357 Magnum

    This is an aluminium frame big gun by Magnum Research. Probably not the best for high-speed continuous shots in the battle or an outdoor adventure, but good to shoot and enjoy. You can hard pack up to 10 rounds in this one and have a day at the shooting range. It has amongst one of the lightest recoils in .357 Magnum guns. It looks so stylish in a black anodized finish, that sometimes it is okay that it is a hard one to conceal.

    Chiappa Firearms Rhino 40DS Handgun

    If you are looking for a gun with a clean and beautiful design coupled with an impressive performance, then the Chiappa Firearms Rhino 40DS is your handgun. A slim piece, it is really accommodating in terms of the holster you need for it and fits into just about any. The crisp trigger with a choice in neoprene or wood grip makes it easy to use and hold. It has a slightly longer radius with fibre optic sight which allows more light to come in and gives a clearer view of the target.

    Dan Wesson 715 357 Magnum

    A gun crafted for beauty and convenience of use, the Dan Wesson 715 is a hassle-free and easy-to-maintain handgun. The trigger is smooth to operate and the sight gives a clear view of the target. One of the unique features of the gun is that you can change its barrel and several other parts. Overall, the gun is a work of art with a carefully polished frame and barrel that is not just functional but visually appealing too.

    Gun for It

    So, whether you are a first-time buyer or an experienced one, whether you are looking for home protection or a game hunt, the 357 has something to offer for everyone. Its versatility in chambering the effective .38 Special or the powerful .357 Magnum make it a world favorite. So much that even though the .44 came out as the most powerful handgun in the world, it was not able to dent the popularity of the .357 Magnum.

    The .357 Magnum has been around for about eighty years and though it has begun to phase out with the introduction of high capacity semi-automatics and the Magnum Era is almost over, it will never completely vanish or be forgotten.

    QUALITY

    PRICE

    RATING

    RATING

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    4/5



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    Review Of The Top M16: The Iconic M16 Rifle And Its Variants

    m16 Rifle

    Considered one of the best assault rifles in the world, the M16 has come a long way from its Vietnam avatar. Ahead of its rivals at the time of its inception, the M16 has had its fair share of detractors but has withstood and preserved for more than six decades. The rifle cut its teeth during the Vietnam War, and since then, has seen many changes during the ages and many conflicts as well. Thanks to its simple design, it has been an infantryman’s choice and weapon, and has entered folklore, and even has had lyrics written about it.

    We will take a brief look at the history of the rifle and the many changes it has undergone over the years and the constant improvement, unlike most of the weapons from its time.



    M16

    M16


    Pros

    • Check Circle
      Comes in different variants
    • Check Circle
      Most popular and widely use
    • Check Circle
      Easy to operate 

    Cons

    • ban
      Assault rifles/carbines have the ability to shoot longer ranger with a shorter barrel and the M16, well, looks outdated in comparison



    A Brief History Of The M16

    Fresh from the Korean War, the United States military was looking to replace its then rifle, the M1 Garand. As accurate as it was, soldiers found it cumbersome to lug it (more than 9 lb) around the battlefield and were outgunned by the sheer number of enemy forces (the rifle had a clip of only 8 rounds).

    The idea for a better rifle quickly gave way to the M14, which had a 20 round (7.62x51mm) clip, and selective fire. But the gun was unreliable and inaccurate after the first round on full auto. Besides, the gun was as bulky as before. It was only effective when fired at a semi-automatic rate.

    The real realisation only came in around the 1950s during the Vietnam War, when the troops were faced by the much formidable firepower of the AK47, and found that the Garand was indeed, no match for the former. It was only then that the Department of Defense seriously started looking at previously considered options.https://www.maxblagg.net/the-best-ar-15-upgrades/

    Features

    The AR-10 had been scrutinized by the army before because it was lightweight (7 lb), used an out-of-the-box design, and had a 20-round clip. But despite all these attributes, the rifle was still not considered by the army as a serious contender.

    But the rifle’s designer, Eugene Stoner, was not disheartened. He was quick to come up with a much-improved version, calling it the AR-15. This version has a 25-round .22 clip and performed admirably whether fired on full or semi-auto. But the army was not particularly enthusiastic about the smaller caliber, and the M14 continued to be a weapon of choice.

    But it wouldn’t be until 1962, that the AR-15, now called the M16, would be inducted into the air force and the army after a fledgeling Armalite had sold its rights to Colt.  Most of this was because of the changing political and bureaucratic weather. The caliber had also been upgraded to the standard 5.56x45mm.

    Top M16 Variants

    Over the years, the basic design of the M16 has remained the same. What has changed is the way they are handled or the number of accessories they can accommodate. The weapon was designed at a time when the US military needed an advantage over the AK-47-toting enemy. For all these years, the M16 has continued to be one of the most popular weapons around the world.

    We have seen weapons such as the AR-15 (which were an origin point to the M16) gain popularity over the years, because of their availability, ease of use their “Lego-like” customizability. It was this breakthrough design that set the way for compact, modern-day firearms.

    In this section, we will look at the various versions of the M16 which are still in use by the US military.

    The Original M16/M16A1

    The original M16 design was a selective fire, naturally cooled 5.56x45mm rifle with  20-round ammunition clip. When the rifle made its debut in the Vietnam War, it was dubbed the M16A1.

    The rifle quickly became popular as it was a vast improvement over its predecessor, the M14, with praises from the serving troops for its enviable power and overall effectiveness. It was lighter, so troops could carry more rounds per rifle, and had devastating power, which became obvious in the close confines of jungle warfare.

    History

    But soon after, it came under heavy scrutiny for jamming, in the humid climates of Vietnam. Reports started pouring in about the soldiers’ worst nightmare — the gun jamming at the most crucial moments. A lot of it was attributed it to the change of ball powder used in the ammunition that resulted in gas pressure, a change the gun was not designed for. Others attributed it to “human failure”, meaning the soldiers were told at the time of issuance that the gun was “self-cleaning” which was not a fact. Other factors were incomplete knowledge about the gun and no chrome plating in the gun chamber (a military requirement).

    It wouldn’t be until 1968 that the gun would be actually battle ready and reliable after all the kinks were ironed out, one at a time.

    Features

    • Weight without Ammunition and Accessories (bayonet, magazine, sling): 6.5 lbs
    • Weight with Ammunition, Bayonet, Magazine and Sling: 7.6 lbs
    • Length (Including flash suppressor): 39 inches

    With bayonet, it comes up to around 44.25 Inches (approximate)

    • Muzzle Velocity: 3,250 feet/second
    • Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds
    • Rates of Fire: Up to 200 rounds/minute under automatic

    Up to 65 rounds/minute under semi-automatic

    Up to 15 rounds/minute under sustained fire

    M16A4

    This rifle came into being after the M16A2 and the M16A2, and being the fourth in the generation of the series, is a refined version of the original M16. The M16A4 was a standard issue weapon but was replaced by the M4, a much more compact version of the original, in 2015. The rifle is still in use by marines from the non-infantry and support units since its inception in 1990.

    Gas Operated Rifle

    Like its predecessors, the M164A is a gas operated, 5.56 x 45 rifle. The fire mode selector, operated by just a flick of the thumb, has positions for “burst”, “semi”  and “safe” and is located close to the pistol grip. The “three-round burst” feature is almost a fixture in modern rifles after military researchers found that the “full auto” feature wastes a lot of ammunition. The rifle also boasts of reduced recoil, making it perfect for close-combat situations.

    It comes with a charging or carrying handle (a mechanism that allows the striker to be in the firing position), and a more modular weapon, when it comes to adaptability. The rifle can be customized using an untold number of gun sights, grips and optics. If need be, an M203 grenade launcher can also be attached under the barrel of the M164A.

    Features

    • Weight without Ammunition and Accessories (bayonet, magazine and sling): 7.8 lbs
    • Weight While Loaded: 8.79 lbs
    • Length Including Flash Suppressor: 39.5 inches
    • With Bayonet: 44.75 inches (approximate)
    • Muzzle Velocity: 3,100 feet/second
    • Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds
    • Rates of Fire: Up to 90 rounds/minute in burst mode

    Up to 45 rounds/minute in semi-automatic mode

    Up to 15 rounds/minute in sustained fire mode

    M4 Carbine

    The latest to join the M16 family has been the M4 carbine. Introduced in 1994, it has a shorter barrel (the carbine itself is a variant of the M16A2 rifle), fires the 5.56x45 mm ammunition, and has a folding/collapsible stock. This version has been lauded throughout the armed forces for its lighter weight, reliability and accuracy.

    The M4 has a heavier barrel (14.5 inches) than its predecessors, that makes it stable and the accuracy more consistent, at the same time taking it longer for it to heat, as a result, keeping the rifle cooler. It is also the most preferred carbine above all its previous flavors, given its compact size. Because of this versatility, the carbine is popular among the special forces and paratroopers and several other nations. The M4 has seen action since the Kosovo war and the civil wars of Iraq, Syria and Yemen.

    Features

    • Weight (without ammunition and accessories, magazine and sling): 6.4 lbs
    • Weight While Loaded: 7 lbs
    • Length (with Extended Stock): 33 inches
    • Muzzle Velocity: 2,900 feet/second
    • Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds
    • Rates of Fire: Up to 90 rounds/minute in burst mode
      Up to 45 rounds/minute in semi-automatic mode
      Up to 15 rounds/minute in sustained fire mode

    M4A1

    This is essentially an M4 carbine but comes with the fully-automatic mode. The rest of the M4A1 has the same features as the M4 carbine. The army has been on a mission to convert the existing M4 carbines to M4A1s, and have been issuing them to soldiers in batches. The conversion might take as long as mid-2020.

    The slightly heavier barrel of the M4A1 translates to the gun not heating up quickly during a sustained rate of fire and ensures continued accuracy while offering ergonomics to the end user.

    Mark 18 CQBR

    This is another variant of the M4 carbine, but with a much shorter barrel than the M4A1 or the M4.  Because of this, the Mark 18 has a higher barrel life compared with the M4A1. They particularly favoured this carbine by hostage-rescue operatives, making it an extremely close-quarter combat weapon. CQBR stands for a close quarter battle receiver.

    M4 Commando/Colt Commando

    Just like the other variants in its class, they designed the M4 Commando for action in confined quarters, where speed and mobility matter. It has an effective range of 400 meters, and interestingly, appears regularly in popular culture, for example, video games.

    Colt LE6933

    Touted as a patrol rifle, the LE6933 features an 11.33-inch barrel, fires the 5.56x45 mm ammunition, has a collapsible/folding stock and has a semi-auto fire option.

    Standing The Test Of Time

    As we established before, the M16 has stood the test of time for the last 60 plus years. There have been some attempts in the past to replace it by more futuristic-looking weapons, but the weapon has held out so far, evolving and resurfacing under different names, actually too many to name in a single article.

    But surely and steadily, the army is looking for alternatives to the “black rifle”. In the recent years, the M4 carbine has come to be the primary weapon in army units because of its smaller size and reliability. There have been many factors to this gradual transition.

    We will take a quick look at these:

    Buttstock

    They designed the M16 during the Cold War era and has a design which no longer holds true to today’s requirements. The fixed stock that it used to come with, is simply not necessary in today’s day and age. The modern stocks, like the convertible stock on the M4, is more in line with the requirements of today’s soldiers when speed matters.

    Burst Fire Mode

    This particular model was prevalent during the Vietnam War, they stressed it upon soldiers to conserve ammunition and the assumption that a three-round burst would be enough to stop an enemy in their tracks. According to military experts, they rarely use the burst fire mode. Most combat veterans swear that they have stuck to the semi-automatic mode their entire careers.

    Ergonomics

    Let’s face it — the M16 is not a short weapon. As never known, the compactness of M16 (20-inch barrel) makes it unusable in modern-day combat techniques. Today’s soldiers demand a compact, easy-to-carry weapon and the bulky design (compared with its modern counterparts, with barrels as short as 10.5 inches) just doesn’t cut it. Today’s assault rifles/carbines have the ability to shoot longer ranger with a shorter barrel and the M16, well, looks outdated in comparison.

    Conclusion

    Still, the fact remains that the M16 made it all possible for its future generation weapons, owing to its uniqueness and innovation in design (at the time). The army has been in the news for slowly moving towards more compact and deadlier weapons such as the M4 and the M4A1, or even moving out of the M16 family entirely, and in fact, going instead for a new type of cartridge, that has a more effective range and firepower. This would typically mean they are looking at an alternative between 6.5mm to 6.8mm, since they generally acknowledged that the 5.56mm ammunition lacks the punch of a full-bodied 7.62mm round in theatres of war, such as Afghanistan.

    But these things take time, and until then, we hope to see an increment to the M16 family.